THE NEWS.


LONDON:

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SUNDAY, AUGUST 20.

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The Paris Journals, although they arrive daily, afford no information on the actual state of France, where an explosion may be daily expected. The army of the Loire is still in being-- One of the papers confesses it consists of 45,000 men, and that it is to be joined by SUCHET and the garrisons of the different fortresses as they surrender. DAVOUST, as if fearless of consequences, is now in Paris, probably with a view of encouraging the aged LOUIS to resist the dismemberment of France. There is, we acknowledge, a veil of mystery over the whole of French affairs, which we are unable to penetrate. If the Allies are acting in concert, what is there to prevent them from taking that they deem requisite, and marching away. The very circumstance of the continuance of their troops in France, must give them habits of insubordination destructive of discipline,-- independent of the liability of their contracting a predilection for principles incompatible with a despotic Government. The part which France took in the American Revolution, went far to produce her own. Let the Allied Sovereigns, therefore, beware lest a similar fate attend them!

An intelligent German, a correspondent in The Rhenish Mercury, thus describes the state of affairs in Paris:--

"Things will certainly not remain as they are, and chances which no one can foresee, may very easily set the immense population of the capital in commotion, which, though upon the whole unattended with any success, may be fatal to those persons who are immediately exposed to it. In the present state of things, the French want a rallying point for their efforts and opinions. If they had found one, the whole country might be in flames in one night.-- For the National Guards, far from being disembodied, are, by a Royal Ordinance, to be every where completely organized. Even the Gensdarmes who are wholly embued with Bonaparte's spirit, are left in full activity.

"Germany must therefore by no means fancy that all is now quite settled, and that every one may safely indulge in indolent repose. It must accustom itself to the heavy iron armour, till it becomes as easy to wear as an every-day dress, for hard trials may yet remain behind, since the Devil well understands how to destroy by night, what a good Spirit has built up by day. If the French succeed in breaking once more the chains by which they are now bound, the storm will break out with greater fury than ever, for there is no want, no inclination to peace in these savaged men, and we know not either how to chasten or terrify them."


We insert in a preceding page the trial and condemnation of Colonel LABEDOYERE. The Times charitably supposes he was executed on Friday last. We have our doubts whether the KING will dare to execute him at all. Indeed we are yet to learn, with what justice one man is singled out from a whole nation, and condemned to death, for that in which nearly all, more or less participated. With respect to this case, the BOURBONS must see before them but a choice of difficulties. If they pardon the Colonel, a hue and cry will be raised by the old Noblesse, joined by our Ministerial Prints, against their culpable humanity. If they shoot him, they break down that mound which has hitherto saved France from the horrors of a civil war. In the contention between LOUIS and NAPOLEON, blood has hitherto been shed on the scaffold. NAPOLEON even spared the lives of most of the BOURBONS, (the KING among others,) which were clearly in his power, on his landing from Elba. That M. LABEDOYERE deserted from LOUIS, and joined BONAPARTE, there is no question; but so did DAVOUST, FOUCHE, and thousands upon thousands of others. Backed by the Allies, the KING may order his execution, but in that case a new character will be given to the contest, which may in the end be attended with the most dreadful effects both to him and his adherents.


The Paris Papers of Wednesday last, which we received last night, state that LABEDOYERE has appealed to a Council of Revision. The Journal des Debats says, "The condemned LABEDOYERE calmly heard his sentence read to him in prison. He asked Captain VIOTTI whether he had not 24 hours to appeal? On being answered in the affirmative, he said that is sufficient. We are assured that the Papers have this day been deposited at the Office of the Council of Revision, and that judgement will be given to-morrow.-- This proceeding is merely a matter of form, and M. DE LABEDOYERE will not be present."

We do not imagine that his appeal will be attended with any effect; for a man can expect but little mercy where his Judges are as guilty as himself. Still we are sceptical as to his execution; and strongly suspect that the Government will find some excuse for averting it.

These Papers inform us that NEY, DROUET, and DEBELLE, are immediately to be brought to their trials. SOULT has been permitted to retire to his country seat.

JEROME BONAPARTE appears to have made his escape; and it is added, that the King of WIRTEMBERG has permitted him to reside in his territories, and the Princess, his wife, to live with him.


The following letter is handed about in Paris as having been written by the poor, harassed LOUIS XVIII.:

"The conduct of the Allied Armies will soon reduce my people to arm against them in the same manner as was done in Spain. Were I younger I would put myself at their head, and if age and infirmities prevent me from doing that, I cannot connive at the evils which I deplore. I am determined, if I cannot mitigate them, to demand an asylum of the King of Spain.-- Let those who even after the capture of the man against whom alone they had declared war, continue to treat my people as enemies, and who must in consequence regard me as such, put a period to my liberty; they are the masters; I had rather live in a prison than remain here a passive spectator of the grievances of my children."

The authenticity of the above has been questioned, but we hear a letter has been received in London from the Duke of Berri, which removes all doubt as to its genuineness as the remonstrance of LOUIS XVIII.-- The Duke, after stating that his Majesty, with all his family, grievously feel the oppression which the French people suffer, in consequence of the conduct of the Allied troops, avows the complaint that he addressed to the Sovereigns, and concludes with declaring, emphatically, "that neither his Majesty, nor any member of his family, will ever subscribe to the degradation of France." This declaration evidently alludes to some project of dismemberment. The Duke's letter contains a glowing panegyric upon Lord Wellington, and some pointed animadversions upon the proceedings of the Prussians.

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Orders have been given to reduce the Navy of Great Britain to 12,000 Seamen, and 5000 Marines. Twelve sail of the line are to be kept in commission for guard-ships, and one ship of the line for the East India station. All ships bearing flags on foreign stations are to be of the rank of 50 guns.

Lord Exmouth is to have the command of Portsmouth, and hoist his flag in the Caledonia.

Admiral Sir J. Duckworth has the Impregnable for his flag-ship at Plymouth.

Sir Charles Rowley is to have a flag at Sheerness, and Sir Benjamin Hallowell at Cork.

Two hundred sail of men of war are under orders to be paid off.

We are happy to announce the safe arrival of the following ships from the East Indies:-- Glatton, Coutts, Surat Castle, Royal Charlotte, Thames, and Henry Addington, from China; Prince Regent, and Lord Duncan, from Bengal; Somersetshire, from Batavia; and Orpheus, from the Cape. The Warren Hastings parted from the fleet off the Cape in May last, in a gale of wind.

Persons who possess the means of being well-informed say, that a great coolness exists between Talleyrand and Fouche. The latter is said to be greatly incensed at the obstacles thrown in the way of his son's marriage with Mademoiselle de Beauveau, of which he accuses Talleyrand as the author.

Maret and Thibaudeau have been arrested in Switzerland, and are now on their way to Paris, escorted by Gendarmes. Madame Thibaudeau called at Fouche's on Sunday, who refused to see her. Upon which she poured out the most invectives against the Minister, and said she would never quit his door without an audience. She collected a great crowd round her by her cries and lamentations, and she was at length obliged to be removed to her house by two Police Officers.

A private letter from Paris gives the following description of the conduct of the Parisians:-- "There have been very great riots and cries of Vive l'Empereur, under the windows of the Thuilleries? and on Sunday evening last, they actually broke into the Chateau, astounding the poor old King with "Vive Napoleon--a-bas Louis jupon." -- ("Long live Napoleon-- Down with the Priest ridden-- Petticoat governed Louis.") He rode thro' Rue St. Honore yesterday, and the Duchess to-day. I saw them both days. Not a single voice raised to greet them? every one affected to turn the head aside, and a hackney coachman would scarcely get out of the way to let Madame's carriage pass."

The impressment of seamen is directed to be discontinued at all the sea-ports; as also the receiving of volunteers, except for the peace establishment.

Orders have been issued at the different ports to pay off the Navy; and the seamen are to be sent to their respective homes in small vessels, to be in readiness for that purpose.

The naval command at the Cape of Good Hope, which was to have discontinued, is to be re-established there, and Admiral Sir George Cockburn is appointed to the command.

We hear that the Duke of Wellington has declined granting leave of absence to Officers belonging to the English army who are effective, and able to do their duty in the field.

Private letters from Paris state, that the Bois de Boulogne is likely to be entirely destroyed, the wood being in constant requisition for fuel for the camps in the neighbourhood.

Mrs Patterson, former Madame Jerome Bonaparte, has been for some time at Cheltenham, affected by an indisposition; she is under the care of Dr. Sir A. B. Faulkner, and is now in a fair way of recovery.

According to the letters of the 21st July, from Lisbon, the Regency is under considerable alarm (as well it may) for the just offence it has given this country, in the instance of refusing to send its quota of troops to aid in the war against Bonaparte. Matters have proceeded to such lengths, that Marshal Beresford requested of the Regency the use of a Portugese frigate to convey him to Rio Janeiro, in order to come to proper understanding with the Prince Regent, This Don Miguel Forjaz thought proper to refuse. The Marshal, nevertheless, persevered in his determination, and engaged the Fama, Portugese vessel, to transport him to the Brazils to carry into effect his intentions.

It seems that a principle highly favourable to the German manufacturers has been adopted, namely, to purchase as far as is possible all that is necessary for the army, except provisions, in Germany, and to pay for it with French money, in order by this means to bring back to Germany the immense sums which France has been drawing from it for so many years past. We wish, however, that in this attention to the interests of the Germans, Ministers had a little consideration for the distresses of our own manufacturers.

The encroachment on the liberty of the press has given an increased interest to the confidential letters from the French Capital, and they contain some intelligence indicative of the state of the public mind, and of the conduct of the existing Government, that deserve particular attention. It is asserted that seven or eight executions have taken place at Paris, of which we have had no intimation in the public Journals. On one occasion, as Louis was proceeding to Mass, a ruffian presented to him a petition, and as his Majesty was opening the paper, to examine its contents , the person who presented it made an attempt to stab him, but was prevented from accomplishing his purpose by the surrounding guards. The delinquent was taken from the intended scene of his crime, before the Tribunal, and the proceedings were conducted with a rapidity unknown to British justice. He was arraigned, tried and executed on the same day.

Provisions have risen during the last fortnight in Paris double the price they were purchased for previous to that period. The English who visit that city for the purpose of cheap living, will find themselves miserably disappointed.

The Strand, from Somerset-house to Charing-cross, if well begged, is considered the most productive district in Westminster. It is now taken possession of by a number of fellows, pretending to be lame sailors, who on an average make twenty shillings a day each, and beat off all mendicant obtruders.

When Napoleon first boarded the Bellerophon, he said to Captain Maitland, with his usual quickness, "Come, Captain Maitland, suppose we walk over your ship." To this the Captain replied, by saying that the decks were then washing, and that the ship was consequently not in a state to be inspected? that he had better wait an hour or so, &c. To this Bonaparte responded, "No, no, Capt. Maitland, let us go now, I have been accustomed to wet and dry and confusion, &c. &c. for upwards of twenty years, and I must see her in her present state." He did so, and inspected her with all the alacrity, minuteness, and curiosity to characteristic of him, walking several times over the ship: after this he expressed himself highly delighted with the admirable economy of a British man of war. One day, addressing an old marine, he asked him "how long he had served?" The reply was, "sixteen years."-- "Where are your marks of distinction, then?"-- "I have none." answered the marine. Bonaparte shrugged his shoulders, and retired.



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