THE NEWS.

SUNDAY, AUGUST 13, 1815. PRICE 8d


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THE DISPOSAL OF BONAPARTE.


"The mischief of this hour, may cause to flow
The tears and blood of millions."


We resume the above subject because there is no other of paramount interest. We resume it with warmth, because we know and feel that the dignity, and the best character of our common country, have received a deep and deplorable wound. The known hospitality, the fearless generosity, and all the manly feeling and honour of Britain, have been stained, by an act of impolitic persecution, worthy only of meanness, and the littleness of cupidity and fear. BONAPARTE has sailed! is banished! These may be short words, and easily spoken; but they imply an act, in relation to the manliness and the honourable bravery of this country, which is without a name to depict its repugnance. With the exception of a few of the meanest of a contemptible Administration, and their more contemptible tools, we never knew the people express so unanimous a detestation. It has given BONAPARTE millions of friends and well-wishers; it has raised a sympathy and an interest in his fate which will give him a new elevation in the world. To insult poverty- to spurn the conquered and the humbled, by indignities from the very foot at which they had prostrated themselves- to outrage all the noblest sentiments of devoted affection, by wantonly separating those whom misfortune had left nothing but the communion and consolation of friendship- Oh! it were an act at which mere vice would revolt; and which savages would punish, where no laws, but the laws of nature, reigned. But passing from the consideration of the distinct and intrinsic moral imbecility of the act in question, we cannot but deplore the depth of degradation to which we are sinking. Had the Executive Government adopted the blustering and brutal feelings of The Times, and have brought NAPOLEON to a sham trial, on sham charges, and condemned him to be hanged, there were a decision and courage in their policy which would have snatched it from utter and irretrievable contempt. We might have honoured such a conduct with our simple and unmixed abhorrence. But to smother a man's life, which has been thrown on our mercy, in the living tomb of banishment on a foreign land, were a deed fit only for a Romance made up of the very disease of horrors. It implies a total destitution of all magnanimous feeling, where a nation suffers most deeply in all its essentials of character.- To frivolity, corruption and bad taste, we had succumbed with the passing groans of momentary disgust. The errors of unmanly pruriency and tasteless voluptuousness passed over us like clouds. They shed their gloom only in patches over the worst portion of our effeminate Personages in high life. But an act of inhospitable cruelty, performed in the name of the country, hangs like a threatening tempest over the whole land. What are we to think? What to conclude? Were Ministers afraid of landing that extraordinary man on our shores, lest this country should swarm on him too? Does he bear a talisman which disarms enmity and conciliates esteem and friendship wherever he goes? BONAPARTE could find nearly a hundred persons who voluntarily offered to immolate freedom and fortune, for the pleasure of participating in his captivity. We have cut the faithful knot! It was a picture which we could not, or durst not tolerate in the "freest country in the world!!!"

Let us no longer laugh at the cowardly and feeble measures of LOUIS. He has denounced NAPOLEON a rebel and traitor, and could only escape the chance of again opposing his better supported claims to the throne, or of encountering a fair trial of the man and his offences, by getting an English Administration to banish him, unarraigned! to become the most degraded tool of a most degraded purpose. But this refinement of meanness has overshot its mark. What will the French nation feel, on this subject; where the King dares not try the rebel he had denounced? Where he durst not even arrest him; but connived at an escape which he evidently wished, if not promoted?* To what does all this tend, but to give base and solidity to the claims which could only be evaded by such disreputable means? We are acquainted with no one act committed during the course of our political lives, which reflects such disgrace upon the perpetrators of it, as this unmanly persecution of fallen greatness- a persecution which bespeaks terror, fear, jealousy, cowardice and cruelty so mixed and amalgamated, that you cannot tell which prevails. But our sage Governors fear public assemblages. They were never created by any brilliance of theirs; and they wisely thought that if 10,000 persons could scarcely be kept off boarding the Bellerophon, some leagues at sea, in cock-boats and punts, at the hazard of their lives, what proportion of curiosity and admiration might reasonably be expected on terra firma! If he had been announced to land, one half of England would have been on the spot in 24 hours! As for hanging him, according to the plan of The Times, the whole Grand Jury of England would have been present to find the Bill- they must have partitioned off Salisbury Plain for the Ladies, and sent for all the Allied Armies at Paris to keep the ground. The whole expence would have been readily defrayed by cutting up the gallows afterwards, into tooth-picks, and selling them at five and ten guineas a piece!

What, alas! must be the conclusion, but that NAPOLEON is too great in Europe, to sink into a subject; that he can command, wherever he goes, more attention and respect than any other man in the world. Even on board a British ship of the line, the orders of Government themselves could not deprive him of the homage of a great man. There was no resource left but to fix on a spot surrounded in all directions by a thousand miles of sea; and, even there, requiring constantly a fleet and an army to guard his solitary person! The Courier may declaim, and The Times rave itself hoarse in proclaiming, the contempt of the man; but history, in the whole bulk of its records, furnishes us with no parallel, in what is to be judged great, by its own legitimate effects. As for BLUCHER! and PLATOFF! with the PRINCE REGENT and two more Sovereigns at their heels, they stirred but the muddy population of the metropolis. NAPOLEON, in a few days, collected around him, at some considerable distance at sea, all the boats of the two greatest naval depôts in England! though the adventurers had little hope of seeing any thing but the ship the poor man was in! The late efforts and campaign of this man, disastrous as have been the results to his fortunes, have shed around him more real respect than ten years of triumph could bestow. If the affair were to end here, it is the very nature of wonder to dissipate. But a measure which would have disgraced the Algerines, will lead essentially to some great re-action. What, when the chances of a war which may for aught we know commence to-morrow, may give our officers and soldiers to the mercy of France,- what will their language, -what their revenge, while we hold their idol in unjust and ignominious captivity? If the chances of war should ever again give her the "strength of a giant", she will be justified in "using it like a giant." The late peace, with BONAPARTE at Elba, had prospects and feelings of repose, which the present aspect of things has not a glimpse of. France is agitated from its centre to every extreme of its dominion. Continue to oppress her with foreign armies, and she will burst into resistance, as with the volcano of another Revolution- leave her, and she will unite in revenge. As for their present Pantaloon of a Sovereign, Farce itself is, in comparison, dignified and respectable. If BONAPARTE were to throw his cocked hat into France, it would assemble a power, which LOUIS can never enjoy.


*The Carlton-house Scribe in The Morning Herald admits it to be a well known fact, that FOUCHE sold NAPOLEON to LOUIS- and that from the moment he quitted Paris, after the battle of Waterloo, when the Provisional Government refused to give him another army, that wily Minister had every step of his old master watched by a General BECKAR.


BONAPARTE.


(FROM FLINDELL'S WESTERN LUMINARY.)

Exeter, August 7.

The exhibition of this fascinating monster, (Bonaparte) in Plymouth Sound, closed on Friday last. We are indebted to the kindness of friends for the following accounts of the show:-

---August 6.

... "I am just returned from Plymouth, and ... give you a few particulars respecting Bonaparte, during his latter stay in Plymouth Sound, and on his quitting England, I trust for ever. The last evening that he made any conspicuous appearance on the gangways of the Bellerophon, was on Tuesday last, when he shewed himself only for a short time on each side. On Wednesday, he did not shew himself at all. On Thursday he came on deck again and twice looked out at the starboard-gangway (but not once at the larboard one) and that was only momentary.- On Friday, the Bellerophon got under weigh about one o'clock; and not having a satisfactory view of him, I went in a boat with a few other gentlemen, and followed the ship till she was some distance outside the breakwater. All this time he did not show himself; and, as the ship was working out, I take it for granted he was not on the quarter-deck. However, as there was but one guard boat rowing astern (the others being employed towing the ship, there being but a light air), we frequently ran up pretty near to her, and in consequence of two ladies who had embarked on board a shore boat, under the idea that having no gentlemen with them, they would be suffered to approach nearer the vessel, and who seemed most anxious to see the renowned prisoner she had on board, they frequently standing on the thwarts of the boat, and waving their handkerchiefs, he at last made his appearance at the stern window of the cabin, evidently for the purpose of satisfying their curiosity. He held his head out of the window, and inclined it downwards, as if he was resting on his elbows, without his hat being on, which gave us a complete view of his face and head, which is very bald on the top, but the hair on the sides being suffered to grow long, we could perceive it was combed across. He staid about a minute, and then retired. We followed him till he got within a short distance of Penlee Point; but he did not shew again. Indeed, I did not expect it, for in a short time after he looked out at the window, he drew the curtains of the cabin windows; when I remarked, that it was decidedly done to let us know that the Lion was no more to be seen. There appeared to be rather a bustle in the cabin, as if they were packing up for the intended removal into the Northumberland, to meet which ship they were standing out to sea. From the best authority I could get (and I believe it was pretty good) I have no doubt it is true, that Madame Bertrand made an attempt to throw herself into the sea, when she was prevented by one of the French Officers on board. I am told she is a most clever spirited woman, and may add, of a most violent temper."


DEPARTURE OF BONAPARTE.

We must premise that we copy from The Courier Ministerial Paper, the following particulars relative to the departure of Napoleon. This will account for the garbled and partial manner in which the most interesting scenes are slurred over:-

Teignmouth, August 8.

Yesterday, at two o'clock, p.m. I saw Bonaparte taken from on board his Majesty's ship Bellerophon, accompanied by Admirals Lord Keith and Sir G. Cockburn, two French Ladies, and two French Generals, and sent on board the Northumberland.

>His Majesty's ship Tonnant, with Lord Keith, red flag flying at the main, was stationed in the centre, to superintend the transhipment, and supported by his Majesty's ships as below. A schooner and a cutter kept sailing about to keep off boats that had come from the shore:-



Ceylon Tonnant. Morgiana.
frigate. man of war. sloop of war.
†† † † † † †
Bucephalus. Northumberland. Bellerophon.
frigate. man of war. man of war.
† † † † † † † †
Eurotas. Myrmidon.  
frigate. sloop of war. Store-ship.
† † † † † †

Plymouth, August 8.

The Tonnant, Bellerophon, Eurotas, and Myrmidon, have just returned to port after transferring Bonaparte to the Northumberland. The latter ship, attended by the Ceylon and Bucephalus frigates, and the Morgiana sloop of war, are now off the Start Point waiting for the Weymouth store-ship.

FURTHER ACCOUNTS.

The Bellerophon and Tonnant put to sea from Plymouth Sound on Friday; and her we must contradict the statement that they sailed to avoid the service of a writ of Habeus Corpus.

The facts of the case are, that the concourse of boats in Plymouth Sound, and the loss of some lives which had already taken place, induced the Government to remove the Bellerophon to a greater distance; and the writ which is spoken of was no more than a common subpœna from the Court of King's bench, obtained by some person who has some cause pending in that Court, in which he fancied he wanted the evidence of Napoleon and Jerome Bonaparte, and Admiral Villanmez.

The Northumberland sailed from Portsmouth on Friday last, and on nearing Torbay on Sunday, perceived two line of battle ships approaching her, which proved to be the Bellerophon, with Bonaparte on board, and the Tonnant, with Lord Keith. In a few hours the Northumberland hailed them, and asked after Bonaparte, who, she was informed, had not come out of his cabin for some days. The ships came to an anchor off Torbay.

General Bertrand went first on board the Tonnant, where he dined with Lord Keith and Sir George Cockburn. He is a man of about 50 years of age, and extremely well-behaved. At dinner Sir George gave him a general explanation of his instructions with respect to Bonaparte; one of which was, that his baggage must be inspected before it was received on board the Northumberland. Bertrand expressed his opinion strongly against the measure of sending the Emperor (as he and all the suite constantly style him) to St. Helena, when his wish and expectation were to live quietly in England under the protection of the English laws. Lord Keith and Sir George Cockburn did not enter into any discussion upon the subject.

After dinner Lord Keith and Sir George Cockburn, accompanied by Bertrand, went on board the Bellerophon. Previously to their arrival, Bonaparte's arms and pistols had been taken away from him- not without considerable altercation and objections on the part of the French officers.

Those who were not to accompany him were sent on board the Eurotas frigate. They expressed great reluctance at the separation, particularly the Polish officers. Bonaparte took leave of them individually. A Colonel Pistowski, a Pole, was particularly desirous of accompanying him. He had received seventeen wounds in the service of Bonaparte, and said he would serve in any capacity, however menial, if he could be allowed to go with him to St. Helena. The orders for sending off the Polish Officers were peremptory, and he was removed to the Eurotas. Savary and Lallemand, however, were not amongst those sent on board the frigate- they were left in Bellerophon.

When Lord Keith and Sir George Cockburn went on board the Bellerophon on Sunday afternoon, Bonaparte was upon deck to receive them, dressed in a green coat with red facings, two epaulets, white waistcoat and breeches, silk stockings, the star of the Legion of Honour, and a chapeau bras, with the three coloured cockade. His face is remarkably plump, and his head is rather bald upon the top. After the usual salutations, Lord Keith addressing himself to Bonaparte, acquainted him with his intended transfer from the Bellerophon to the Northumberland.

Buonaparte immediately protested with great vehemence against this act of the British Government- he did not expect it- he did not conceive that any possible objection could be made to his residing in England quietly for the rest of his life.

No answer was returned by either Lord Keith or Sir George Cockburn. A British officer who stood near him observed to him, that if he had not been sent to St. Helena, he would have been delivered up to the Emperor of Russia.

Buonaparte-"Dieu me guard des Russes!" (God keep me from the Russians!) In making this reply he looked at Gen. Bertrand, and shrugged up his shoulders.

Sir George Cockburn- "At what hour to-morrow morning shall I come, General, and receive you on board the Northumberland?"

Buonaparte, with some surprise at being styled merely General- "At ten o'clock."

Bertrand, Madame Bertrand, Savary, Lallemand, Count and Countess Montholon, were standing near Buonaparte.

Sir George Cockburn asked him if he wanted any thing more before they put to sea. Bertrand replied, 20 packs of cards, a backgammon and domino table, and Madame Bertrand desired to have some necessary articles of furniture, which, it was said, should be furnished forthwith.

One of Buonaparte's Officers, the nephew of Josephine Beauharnois, his first wife. complained that faith had not been kept with the Emperor, who expected to reside with his suite in Great Britain.

Buonaparte asked Lord Keith's advice. His Lordship merely replied, that he had to obey the orders he had received from his Government; Buonaparte then desired another interview with his Lordship. Lord Keith declined it, alledging that it could not but be unsatisfactory- he had no discretion- his fate could not be altered.

An officer who stood near him said- "You would have been taken if you had remained at Rochfort another hour, and sent off to Paris."- "Buonaparte turned his eye upon the speaker, but did not speak a word. He next addressed himself to Sir G. Cockburn, and asked several questions about St. Helena.

"Is there any hunting or shooting there- Where am I to reside?"

He then abruptly changed the subject, and burst into more invectives against the Government, to which no answer was returned.

Whether he had any idea of a writ of Habeus Corpus or no, we know not- but he was very solicitous to go ashore.

He then expressed some indignation at being styled General- saying, "You have sent Ambassadors to me as a Sovereign Potentate- you have acknowledged me as First Consul."-He took a great deal of snuff whilst speaking.

After reminding him that the Northumberland's barge would come for him on Monday morning, Lord Keith and Sir George Cockburn retired.

Early on Monday morning, Sir Geo. Cockburn went on board the Bellerophon to superintend the inspection of Buonaparte's baggage; it consisted of two services of plate, books, beds, &c.- They were all sent on board the Northumberland about eleven o'clock.

Buonaparte had brought with him from France about forty servants, amongst whom were a groom, postillion, and lamplighter. Two-thirds of these were sent on board the Eurotas.

At half-past eleven o'clock, Lord Keith in the barge of the Tonnant, went on board the Bellerophon to receive Buonaparte, and those who were to accompany him. Buonaparte, before their arrival and afterwards, addressed himself to Captain Maitland and the Officers of the Bellerephon. After descending the ladder into the barge, he pulled his hat off to them again. Lord Keith received in the barge the following personages:-

Bonaparte's Surgeon refused to accompany him:- upon which the Surgeon of the Bellerophon offered to supply his place.

Bonaparte was this day dressed in a cocked hat, much worn, with a tri-coloured cockade; his coat was buttoned close round him- a plain green one with a red collar; he had three orders- two crosses, and a large silver star, with the inscription Honneur & Patrie; white breeches, silk stockings, gold buckles.

Savary and Lallemand were left behind in the Bellerophon.

Savary seemed in great dread of being given up to the French Government- repeatedly asserting, that the honour of England would not allow him to be landed again on the shores of France.

About twelve o'clock the Tonnant's barge reached the Northumberland. Bertrand stepped first upon deck 1 Bonaparte next, mounting the side of the ship with the activity of a seaman. The marines were drawn out and received him, but merely as a General, presenting arms to him. He pulled off his hat. As soon as he was upon deck, he said to Sir George Cockburn- "Je suis à vos ordres." He bowed to Lord Lowther and Mr. Lyttleton, who were near the Admiral, and spoke to them a few words, to which they replied. To an Officer, he said, "Dans quel corps servez vous?" (In what corps do you serve?) The Officer replied, "In the Artillery." Bonaparte immediately rejoined, "Je sors de cette service moi-meme." -(I was originally in that service myself.)- After taking leave of the Officers who had accompanied him from the Bellerophon, and embracing the nephew of Josepine, who was not going to St. Helena, he went into the after-cabin, where, besides his principal companions, were assembled, Lord Keith, Sir G. Cockburn, Lord Lowther, the Hon. Mr. Lyttleton, &c.

Bertrand- "I never gave in my adhesion to Louis XVIII. It is therefore palpably unjust to proscribe me. However, I shall return in a year or two to superintend the education of my children."

Madame Bertrand appeared much distressed; said she was obliged to leave Paris in a hurry, without clothes or any necessary. She had lived in the house now occupied by the Duke de Berri. She spoke most flatteringly of her husband- said the Emperor was too great a man to be depressed by circumstances, and concluded by expressing a wish for some Paris papers.

Count Montholon spoke of the improvements made by Bonaparte in Paris- alluded to his billious complaint, which required much exercise.

The Countess Montholon is a very interesting woman; she said little.

Bertrand asked what we should have done had we taken Bonaparte at sea?

As we are doing now, was the reply.

Lord Keith took leave in the afternoon of Bonaparte, and returned on board the Tonnant.

Lord Lowther and the Hon. Mr. Lyttleton now entered into very earnest conversation with him, which continued for two hours. As he was very communicative, and seemed desirous of a very free conversation with these two accomplished young Noblemen, they availed themselves of the opportunity, and entered into a review of much of his conduct. We understand that they asked him how he came to commit the impolicy of attacking Spain- the motives for the Berlin and Milan Decrees- the war against Russia- the refusal of the terms of peace offered him before the first capture of Paris, &c. To all these questions we hear he gave full answers, not avoiding, but rather encouraging the discussion. We hope to be able to give particulars, which ought to be known. They are materials for history.

At the expiration of two hours Lord Lowther and Mr. Lyttleton took leave of him, and went ashore.

His cabin in the Northumberland is fitted up with great elegance. His bed is peculiarly handsome, and the linen upon it very fine. His toilet is of silver.- Among other articles upon it is a magnificent snuff-box, upon which is embossed in gold an eagle with a crown, flying from Elba to the coast of France- the eagle just seeing the coast of France, and the respective distances are admirably executed.

The Valets de Chambre are particularly fine men. They and all about him always address him by the title of Emperor.

The Bellerophon, Tonnant, and Eurotas, returned to Plymouth Sound last Tuesday. The Northumberland was lying-to off Plymouth on Tuesday, though the wind was fair; but it is supposed she is waiting for the Weymouth store-ship, which was taking in stores, &c. and was to complete them by the next day.


Sir Henry Bunbury was the person appointed by the Cabinet to announce officially to Bonaparte that St. Helena was the place of his future destination. He was accompanied when he went on board by the Hon. Mr. Bathurst. Sir Henry was introduced to the Ex-Emperor, and after mutual salutations he read to him the resolution of the Cabinet, by which he was informed of his intended transportation to the Island of St. Helena, with four of his friends, to be chosen by himself, and twelve domestics. He received this intimation without any mark of surprize, as he said he had been apprized of the determination; but he protested against it in the most emphatic manner, and in a speech of three-quarters of an hour, delivered with great coolness, self-possession, and ability, reasoned against the outrageous proceeding. He recapitulated the circumstances under which he had been forced, he said by the breach of the Treaty made with him by the Sovereigns of Europe, to quit the Island of Elba-that he had exerted himself to prevent the renewal of hostilities- but that when they became unavoidable, and that the fortune of war decided against him, he yielded to the voice of his enemies; and as they had declared in the face of the world, that it was against him only that they had taken up arms, he abdicated the Imperial Crown of France, in the full confidence that the Allies would be faithful to their solemn declaration, and leave his country to the settlement of their own affairs; then unarmed, and with the view of seeking an asylum as a private individual in England, he had first sought to be received under the King's allegiance, and under the protection of our laws and had voluntarily put himself into the British power. In this predicament, he felt himself entitled to protest against the measures now announced to him: and in a long argument, in which he shewed himself to be well versed in our laws, he reasoned against the act.

Sir Henry Bunbury and Mr. Bathurst say, that his manner was temperate, his language eloquent, and that he conducted himself throughout in the most prepossessing way. The account they give of his persuasive manner is, we understand, highly interesting. Sir Henry answered to his discourse, that he had no commission, but to make known to him the resolution of his Majesty's Ministers- but said that he should faithfully report the reasons that he had stated against the proceeding.

We are sorry to state that the transferring Napoleon Buonaparte from the Bellerophon to the Northumberland, has been attended with a very serious accident, by which two ladies have lost their lives. The letter which brings this information is from Torbay, and may be relied on. It is as follows:-

"TORBAY, AUG.8.- An accident happened last night off the Berry Head: a boat from Torquay, having on board three ladies, one gentleman, one child, one servant, and two boatmen, went out to witness the transfer of Bonaparte from the Bellerephon to the Northumberland; as she was sailing round the head of the latter vessel, she was met by a King's cutter, and before each were aware of the approach of the other, the boat was run down and instantly sunk. The first Lieutenant of the Northumberland witnessing the distressing scene, leaped into the sea, and happily succeeded saving one of the ladies (Mrs. Harris) and the child from a watery grave. Mr. Harris, husband to the lady just mentioned, was saved by his own exertions, and by the exertions of the cutter's crew. The female servant and the two boatmen were also saved; but the other two ladies (both young), an aunt and niece, sunk to rise no more."

A Plymouth Correspondent belonging to The Times, says- "It was high time that Bonaparte should be removed from this neighbourhood, for it was quite shocking to see the court and attention that were paid to him; but don't blame the west countrymen upon that score; his greatest admirers and adulators have come from distant parts; indeed I may almost say from every part of the country, even from Northumberland and Scotland."

FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.


FRENCH PAPERS.

PARIS, AUGUST 5.- We are assured that the new plan for the organization of the army has been approved by the Council of Ministers, and was submitted to the King two days ago. According to some of the arrangements of this plan, the present army will be disbanded, and the men of all ranks belonging to it will be required to return to their homes. Provisional depots will be established for such military men as it shall be agreed are not to return home. There shall no longer be regiments of infantry of the line or light infantry. In their stead departmental legions will be formed. Each legion will be composed of three battalions, one of grenadiers, one of chasseurs, and one of fusileers, forming an effective total of upwards of 1,600 men, including officers. The Majors will be suppressed, and replaced by Lieutenant-Colonels. Officers of the age of 50 years, shall be allowed an honourable retirement. The artillery and cavalry are to be organized in the regiments.- (Journal des Debats).

The army of the Loire and that of Marshal Suchet, are now composed of nothing but officers. All the soldiers have deserted and retired to their respective communes; there has absolutely remained but a very small number of persons, who have no other asylum. The greatest tranquillity prevails throughout all Auvergne: the white cockade is every where worn, and the soldiers as they retire, molest nobody.

Private letters from Lyons, dated July 31, announce that several persons of that city have disappeared, and that eighteen human carcases, mutilated so as not to be known, have been found on both banks of the Rhone.

A newspaper has stated that the Police Commissary who superintends the markets, has recommended to persons who frequent public places, not to accept snuff, offered by any persons, except such as are of their acquaintance. The statement is false, and all the conjectures which have been deduced therefrom are consequently destitute of foundation.- Moniteur.

Mention has been made in the newspapers of some malicious persons who have thrown aqua fortis, and ink on the shawls of the ladies who were last Sunday in the garden of the Thuilleries. To these accounts we have to add, that other malicious persons have cut several. This diversity of means to arrive at the same end, proves that the police of Bonaparte still exists, and neglects nothing to remove all genteel people from those numerous and spontaneous meetings which cause despair to the King's enemies. We are assured that measures are taken to prevent the occurrence of similar disorders. Besides, all good citizens undertake to exercise the most exact superintendence. Yesterday the company distinguished and arrested three individuals who conspired against the shawls.

Monsieur is confined to his room, by a contusion which he received from the kick of a horse.

It is said that the Duke of Orleans will make but a short stay in the capital, and that he will soon depart for Naples, to visit and congratulate the King, his father-in-law, on remounting his throne.

The marriage of the Duke of Otranto with Mademoiselle de Castellane, will be followed by another alliance, which will unite still closer the house of the Duke of Otranto, with one of the most ancient in France.

Two English officers, who were bathing in the canal of St.Denis, fell into a place where there was a deep cavity, and, probably not knowing how to swim, were drowned.

They write from Chambery that a demand has been made to the local authorities of 79,000 rations for the troops which are to pass through that town. It is not known whether they are coming into France or leaving it.

Marshal Ney possesses, at a short distance from Chateaudun, two magnificent chateaux, not more than a quarter of a league from each other. One of them, named Les Coudreaux, is remarkable for the elegance of its structure, and the beauty of its situation; it is considered as one of the most beautiful of La Beauce. Three hundred and sixty Prussians inhabit it, and live there at discretion. The other chateau, named Premeville, is also occupied by Prussian troops. On the 31st July, the General who commands these troops demanded a contribution of 500,000 francs of the town of Chateaudun, stating, that this sum will be reimbursed from the produce of the approaching sale of Marshal Ney's seats.

By a requisition made the 6th of July, by Count Barclay de Tolly, General in Chief of the Russian army, the department of the Meurthe was called upon to furnish 288,000 ells of cloth, and 400,000 ells of linen. The Prefect solicited a diminution from the Emperor of Russia, but the wants of his troops did not permit him to grant it. There not being, however, a sufficient quantity of merchandise in the department, the Prefect has just issued an order, directing the levy of a war contribution extraordinary of 4,500,000 fr. to be employed in payment of the above requisition: this contribution is independent of that fixed on the department by an order of the Prefect, dated the 29th of June.

Persons of a violent character, who utter seditious cries in places where there are public assemblages, are from time to time arrested. Enquiries are also made after certain individuals, who, it is said, have been employed by the partizans of Bonaparte to keep registers, on which are daily inscribed the names of the royalists of their respective quarters. Some of these denunciators are already placed in a state in which they can do no injury. It is hoped that the Courts will not be slow in making them suffer the punishment they merit.

PARIS, AUG. 6.- The audacity of the factions grows with impunity. For several days past they come under the very windows of the King, to mingle their seditious cries with the shouts of the public joy. It is true some of these persons are arrested every night, but the same shameful scenes are not the less repeated the next day. Are the agents of the Prefecture of Police less zealous for the King now, than they were against him a month ago? Nothing is more easy, if they pleased, than to prevent the disorder which may lead to the most serious consequences.

A letter from Arles, dated the 29th July, received yesterday in Paris, announces that Murat has been arrested at Toulon, and conducted to Marseilles with his treasures.

We are assured that the allied troops will be distributed in the following cantonments. The Prussian troops will occupy Brittany, and all the departments situate between the Loire and the Seine. The English, Belgians, and Hanoverians, under the command of the Duke of Wellington, the departments between the Seine, the Frontiers of Belgium, and the Marne. The Austrians, Piedmontese, Bavarians, and Wurtembergers, the departments from the frontiers of Italy and Switzerland to the banks of the Allier; they will extend also to the banks of the Loire, as far as Orleans. Alsace will be occupied by the Baden and Saxon troops, under the high inspection of Austria. The Russians will occupy Lorraine, and the Departments of the Marne. Provence will have only some Anglo-Sardinian troops, which will remain in the vicinity of Marseilles and Toulon. Paris, and its environs, will be occupied by several corps of allied troops.

General Mouton-Duvernet, who of his own free will surrendered himself prisoner, has availed himself of the confidence inspired by this voluntary act, to violate his parole of honour, by secretly withdrawing from Montbrigon. The gens-d'armerie are in pursuit of him, and seals have been put upon his property.

A letter from Toulouse announces that General Clausel had arrived there, with intent to present himself to the Duke D'Angouleme; but that Prince having refused to receive him, the General prudently made his escape.

A horrible atrocity, condemned alike by morallity, policy, and our national character, was perpetrated a few days since, in the neighbourhood of Bar-sur-Aube, upon a small detachment of about 30 Bavarians. It was attacked by the peasants, with hatchets, pitchforks, &c. Almost all these unfortunate foreigners were wounded, and most of them owed their safety to flight alone. The local authorities are anxious to rescue the French character from such an indignity, and it will not go unpunished.

Mezieres is still attacked and defended with vigour. The attempt made on that place on the side of Charleville not having succeeded, the Allies directed their efforts against the opposite side. The corps engaged in the seige has received a reinforcement of three battalions and some artillery. In a sortie made by the garrison, the besiegers lost six pieces of cannon, and abandoned a part of their works. They appear determined, however, to attempt an assault, which is likely to complete the miseries of that town, one of the first that recognized the King, and hoisted the white flag. This siege has not been less unfortunate for Charleville than the adjoining villages, the inhabitants of which have sought refuge in the woods, with all that they can carry off. Sedan, which opened his gates without resistance, is loaded with requisitions: the demands laid upon the department of Ardennes, including the contributions in money, are estimated at near 7,000,000 of Francs. It is hoped that the Prefect, whose arival is daily expected, will obtain for the district some mitigation of these exactions.- (Journal de Paris.)

Again yesterday a scandalous scene took place at the Thuileries. At seven o'clock, whilst thousands were testifying their love for the King, a person cried out loudly Vive l'Empereur. The joy ceased in a moment, the King retired, putting his hand to his head, as if to hide his uneasiness. Are not such acts the result of a preconcerted plan, and do they not make us apprehend ulterior projects still more alarming.

AUGUST 7.

Courier Extraordinary of Monday Morning

Some Papers announce that the King of Prussia has ordered a fresh levy of 60,000 men.

Lavalette was removed yesterday to a Conciergerie.

Several districts of Calvados have just been disarmed by the Prussian troops.

Last night, in consequence of several assemblages, some pieces of cannon were placed in the flour market. A large number of Prussian soldiers bivouaked on the Pont Neuf.

Marshal Ondinot reviewed yesterday morning several companies of grenadiers and chasseurs of the old guard.

THE NEWS.


LONDON:


SUNDAY, AUGUST 13.


DREADFULLY DISTURBED STATE OF FRANCE.

For the last few days the town has been agitated with numerous reports of the shooting of the King of FRANCE- the intercepting of the Emperors of RUSSIA and AUSTRIA -the blowing up of part of Paris, &c. &c. For these rumours there is no other foundation than their extreme probability, arising from the state of anarchy into which all France, and particularly Paris, is plunged. Bad as the situation of BONAPARTE may appear to one of his active mind- that of his rival LOUIS far exceeds it in misery and incertitude. His shadowy sovereignty depends on the presence of armies which ruin his country, and he, unhappy man, is compelled to bear the odium of their compulsory measures. He never stirs abroad but some insulting expression meets his ear.- Alike unable to protect his friends or to punish his enemies, he exhibits the degrading spectacle of an aged monarch tenaciously holding to the last, that which momentarily may be expected to be torn from his feeble grasp. We believe we cannot present our readers with a more correct picture of the present state of France than is contained in the following

EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM PARIS, AUG.7.

"According to the letters which I have received, the South appears to be in a state of anarchy. General Gilli has besieged Montpelier, and turned the guns of the citadel against the town. The Mayor of Avignon resisted for 18 days the efforts of the partizans of Bonaparte, whilst 600 Protestants were massacred at Nismes, and upwards of 60 of their houses were pillaged and burnt. The movement began by the Bonapartists against the Royalists. The Protestants join the former, the Catholics the latter; the Protestants are at present the victims; they take refuge in the mountains of Cevennet, and are pursued by bands of Royalists, free companies without pay, organized by the orders of the Duke d'Angouleme, who makes them wear a white cockade, with a green border, the colour of his livery. He has been proclaimed in the South as Charles X. The Government of Paris has nothing to govern. The Minister at War is without an army; the Minister of Finance without money; the Minister for Foreign Affairs without Ambassadors; and the Minister of the Interior without Prefects. The agents of the Allied Armies empty all the chests, and give to all the Mayors the orders for requisitions. They have begun to cut down the forests. The inhabitants of 28 towns and villages in the Loiret have taken refuge in the forest of Orleans, abandoning their houses, devastated by the Wurtemburghers, and, above all, the Bavarians. The latter are worse than the Prussians, as they commit acts useless even to their avarice. The Emperor of Russia says already that the Allied Armies are become embarrassing to the Generals who command them, and they cannot be permitted to continue in the country.

"There are nightly disturbances in the Thuilleries under the King's windows. Lately a Royalist run through the body of a man, whom he supposed to have cried Vive l'Empereur; but he was deceived, the man who was wounded not having opened his mouth. The Duchess d'Angouleme has been insulted. It is surprising that the Allies of the King of France, who, according to the opinion of the Duke of Wellington, have 900,000 men in France, do not place 50,000 at the disposal of the King of France to do the duty of the Police.

"The secret of the whole disorganized state of things is, that the King is felt to be totally disqualified for the exertions which the state of things requires, and the Court itself is divided into two parties- the King's Government, and the pure royalists. The party for the return to the ancien regime give themselves this title. Monsieur and the Duchess of Angouleme are at their head- and the plot is, that Louis XVIII. should retire on account of his infirmities.- Monsieur also, who is become a devotee, desires also to withdraw into private life- and thus they clear the way for the Duc d'Angouleme, who has beeen actually followed and termed Charles X. in the South, where he has exercised Royal power- having displaced the King's Prefects and appointed others- received the taxes, raised contributions- armed and organized bodies of troops- and the consequences have been as I stated- the persecution of the Protestants, and the ruin of thousands. He was recalled by the King to the metropolis, and has obeyed. But the matter has come to the last extremity. If the Ministers do not triumph immediately over this attempt, they must go out in a body, and the King will retire."

Such is our intelligence from Paris! In The Courier, there is the following paragraph:-

"An important change is talked of in the French Ministry, and if we may credit private letters, it will have been produced by the Duchess of Angouleme. According to the new arrangement Talleyrand and Fouche will retire from the Administration. The Duke of Richelieu will be Prime Minister, the Duke of Feltre, Minister at War, Lally Tollendahl, Minister of the Interior, and Chateaubriand, Minister of Police."

This is the present anarchical state of France. DAVOUST still continues with the army of the Loire, which is yet in force, and is hourly augmented by the arrival of fugitives. Urged by the Allies, the KING has just issued a Royal Ordinance for the disbandment of this army. It is dated Lille, 23rd of March last, and is probably intended to have a retrospective effect as far back as the time of its publication. It does not seem to us probable that this ordinance will be obeyed, any more than others which have been issued of a similar nature. The Allied troops are spreading themselves over the country. The English are in possession of Amiens, Beauvais, and Breteuil. They will soon have Rouen, Dieppe, and Havre. Metz and Saare Louis have concluded an armistice with General LANGERON.


BONAPARTE.

The Northumberland, containing BONAPARTE, was still off Plymouth on Thursday. She is supposed to be waiting for some store-ships, which are to accompany her. Immediately on their arrival, we suppose she will proceed to St. Helena. The re-shipment of this celebrated man, so long before the vessel appointed to convey him was ready, no doubt proceeded from a jealousy, common in little minds, of the silent respect he was continually receiving from the thousands upon thousands which, from all parts of England, were constantly crowding around him. It is said his money has been taken from him, about two thousand pounds only being left him; and that he is restricted to one service of plate. We are, however, glad to hear that BERTRAND is allowed to accompany him. This faithful friend has been with him from seven years of age, (a proof that NAPOLEON, devil, as he is represented to be, can keep a friend), and is attached to him by the strongest ties of affection and gratitude. Both him and the Countess his wife, who, being an Irish Lady, performs the office of an English Interpreter to NAPOLEON, are to be sharers in his exile.

We have, in another part of our present number, given a long and very interesting account of the manner in which BONAPARTE received the intelligence of his future destination; and we have also freely expressed our feelings on the conduct of Ministers.- (not the country)- towards this living instance of fallen greatness. In performing this independent part of our duty as public journalists, we consider NAPOLEON BONAPARTE, abstractedly speaking, out of the question.- The nation was called on by a man who, for years, had had a great controul over the destinies of Europe, to perform an act of generosity. Subdued, he humbly asked for an asylum and an honourable captivity. This, because he had been our enemy, we have denied him; and thus have placed a great nation on a level with a little minded, revengeful individual.

The manner in which NAPOLEON is to be treated at St. Helena is thus explained in a demi-official manner in The Courier of Friday:-

"As a great deal of misapprehension appears to exist on the subject of St. Helena as a proper place for the confinement of BONAPARTE, we cannot avoid observing that the sentiments of many of our correspondents are founded upon the supposition- First, that BONAPARTE is to be at liberty on that island.- Secondly, that neutral vessels are to have access to it.- Thirdly, that the garrison is not to be trusted, and that the island does not belong to the Crown, but to the East India Company.

"With respect to the first objection, we can assure our readers that there is no intention of suffering BONAPARTE to be at liberty in the island: he will be as regularly guarded and confined as he could be in England, and permitted only to take air and exercise when properly attended.

"In the second place, all neutrals whatever will be excluded from the island as long as BONAPARTE is to continue a prisoner there; so that no danger on this account can possibly exist.

"In the third place, he will be placed under the custody of a General Officer in the King's service, and of a British Admiral; the former will have the government of the island under the present circumstances. The garrison of the East India Company will be reduced or wholly withdrawn, and the island will be garrisoned by a King's regiment."


Since writing the above, we learn that the Northumberland put to sea on the arrival of the Weymouth store-ship late on Friday evening.

The Brussels Papers afford us what the free Press in Paris dares not- some speculations on the intentions of the Allied Powers respecting France. These mention that immediate steps are about to be taken to reduce those towns on the Northern frontier which still refuse to yield. They also continue to assert positively, that three most important French fortresses, Lille, Metz, and Strasburg, are, upon the demand of the Allies, to receive garrisons of the troops of the Allied Monarchs. Lille is to be occupied in this case by the English; Metz by the Russians; and Strasburg by the Austrians. The garrison of each of these fortresses is to consist of not less than 14,000 men; besides this, the allied troops are to form a chain from the frontiers of Switzerland to the North Sea, powerfully supported by the three above-named fortresses. It is added, but this seems more doubtful, that Dunkirk will also be garrisoned by English troops; meantime, the reinforcements continually landed for the English army proceed as fast as they arrive to France. These are the accounts we receive by the Dutch Mails. They however receive no confirmation from the Vienna Papers, which mention the frequent granting of most favourable terms to places which exhibit no other sign of submission than the mere hoisting of the white flag. It is very clear that considerable difference exists among the Allies as to their future treatment of France; and this difference is no where so apparent as in their contradictory behaviour to the fortresses which they are besieging. The Prussians, and in some cases (but not in all) the Russians, insist on an unconditional surrender, and the occupation of the place. The Austrians grant armistices, and treat with the French more upon the footing of equality. Were the business to end in the Allies warring on each other, it would not much surprise us.


A letter from Portsmouth Bay- "Abundance of groceries, and all kinds of sea stock, were shipped with the utmost expedition on board the Northumberland, for Bonaparte. Some hundreds of sheep, and several hundred tons of hay, were shipped to stock St. Helena [where they remain] at the end of the voyage.- Nothing seemed spared fit for an Ex-Emperor."

FRAGMENTS OF BONAPARTE'S LETTERS.


We copy the following article from The Courier of last night. Our readers are as good judges as ourselves of the authenticity of the statement. It seems, however, rather singular that if Napoleon intended to destroy his papers that he did not rather burn them than throw them where there was so much probability of their being saved.

"Mr. Mulligan, silk-mercer, of Bath, having repaired to Plymouth on Wednesday se'nnight, made the usual inquiries about the proper time to go out and see the great object of public curiosity: he was told five o'clock in the afternoon would be quite early enough; but impatient of delay, he secured a boat to himself, and proceeded about two o'clock towards the Bellerophon; no other boat had at that time come out, and his was allowed to approach within fifty yards of the vessel, the guard-boat alone intervening. It was a short time after the final destination of Bonaparte had been officially communicated to him. Mr. Mulligan soon observed Napoleon at the cabin window, in the act of destroying papers, which, after tearing into pieces, he threw into the sea. Mr. Mulligan naturally anxious to secure some relics of this interesting character, picked up several fragments that drifted with the ebbing of the tide towards his boat; and on his return to Bath he discovered that they were of considerable interest, if not importance. They have been transmitted to Government by the hands of Sir J. Coxe Hippesley. Among them are pieces of a letter from an American to Bonaparte, dated Paris, June 22; enough of which has been preserved to disclose matter of such a nature as would not, under present circumstances, be prudent to publish. There are also scraps of minor interest; comprising MS. translations of the Speaker's and Prince Regent's Speeches at the close of the late Sessions; a petition from some discontented officer; and a letter from the ci devant King Murat to General Drouet, requesting his intercession with Napoleon in his behalf. But the most perfect of the fragments is part of a letter from Bonaparte to Maria Louisa, evidently written immediately after his late abdication. It appears to have been the first copy, penned in Napoleon's hand, on paper made for his especial use, with his profile and signature, (Napoleon, Empereur des Francois.) in the water-mark. We subjoin a copy of the translation:-

Madam, my dear and honoured Wife!- Attending once more solely to the interests of France, I am going to abdicate the Throne; and in closing my own political career, to bring about the commencement of the reign of our dear Son. My tenderness for you and for him impels me to this step no less than my duties as a Monarch. If he ensure, as Emperor, the happiness of France, and as a Son, the happiness and the glory of his Mother, my dearest wishes will be accomplished! Nevertheless, if even in his most tender infancy, I can give up to him all my authority, in my capacity of Head of the State, I cannot, and it would be too painful to my heart, to sacrifice also the inviolable rights which Nature gives me ---


BONAPARTE'S CONVERSATION.

The following is part of a conversation held with Bonaparte on Monday last.

He was asked his opinion of the British infantry?

Bonaparte- Long wars make good soldiers- the cavalry of both nations he said was excellent- our artillery had derived much improvement from the French.

Of the Duke of Wellington he seemed to avoid giving any opinion.

To a question about Louis the 18th-

Bonaparte- He is a good sort of man- too fond of the table and pretty sayings. He is not calculated for the French. The Duchess of Angouleme is the only Man in the Family. The French must have such a man as myself.

One of his attendants, Bertrand we believe, gave his opinion of the Emperor of Russia, that he was a good man; his heart better than his head; that he did not think him a great man.

Bonaparte, taking a pinch of snuff, and inclining his head almost into the face of the speaker, replied- Ni moi non plus (nor I, neither.)

He broke out into some invectives against the conduct of the Allies; called it perfidious, treacherous.

"But you seem to forget that you were in Elba an virtue of a solemn treaty; that no molestation was offered you; yet you left in violation of the faith of that treaty."

Bonaparte- I was an independent Sovereign; I had a right to make war upon another Sovereign; upon Louis XVIII if I chose. I did do it, and beat him with a few hundred men.

Touching upon St. Helena, he seemed not only indignant, but surprised at being sent there.

Bonaparte.- I would have given my word of honour to have remained quiet, and to have held no political correspondence in England. I would have pledged myself, not to quit the place assigned me, but to live as a simple individual.

"That seems to be next to impossible; for though you have had great reverses, you can never so far forget what you had been as to conceive yourself to be, or conduct yourself as a single individual.

Bonaparte- But why not let me remain in England upon my parole of honour?

Reply.- You forget that some hundreds of French Officers violated their parole of honour, and that not only you did not express any indignation against them, but received them with particular distinction- Lefebvre Desnouettes for instance?

Bonaparte made no remark upon this.

Of the Prince Regent he spoke in the highest terms, adding, that he was the only Sovereign in Europe that had been consistent, constant, and vigorous; that it was he who had been the real cause of defeating all his designs and destroying his power.-Courier.

LOUIS XVIII.


One of the French Papers, Le Censeur, has recently published the following as extracts of letters, written by Louis XVIII. when Count de Provence, at the commencement of the Revolution. Their appearance, at a moment like the present, must create a considerable prejudice against Louis le desiré. The first dated Versailles, May the 13th, 1787, is addressed to the Duke de Fitzjames, and the supposed writer is the present King.? The letter is as follows: -

"You see, my dear duke, that the assemblage of the Notables is drawing to a close, and, notwithstanding, you have never touched upon the great question. You cannot suppose that the Notables will make any difficulty in believing (after the documents with which I furnished you more than six weeks ago), that those children supposed to be the King's are not his. These documents prove to a demonstration that the conduct of the Queen is criminal. You are a subject too much attached to the blood of your Masters not to blush at bending before those fruits of adultery. By to-morrow, therefore, and not later, make a report to my bureau on this subject. I shall absent myself; but my brother Artois, whose bureau does not sit, will preside in my place. When the fact to which the report alludes is once asserted, it is easy to foresee the consequences. The Parliament, which does not love the Queen, will make no great difficulty; but should it be disposed to raise any, we are in possession of the means of making it adopt reasonable sentiments. As to the attempt, it must be made, and as our pretensions are founded on truth, they cannot but succeed. This is the only way by which I can easily be made to forget the enormous sacrifices which I was obliged to make in order to come at this information.? I know very well that it will not be very agreeable to the King; but between ourselves, how can he deserve to reign who is more than a play-thing in the hands of his wife.? Yes, my dear Fitzjames, he is a poor creature, and France deserves to have a real King.

(Signed) "LOUIS STANISLAV XAVIER."


When the Convention was taken up with the proceedings against Louis XVI. the following letter was said to have been written by Monsieur (his present Majesty) to the Count d'Artois: the letter is of the date of the 28th December, 1792:-

"Every thing the most fatal which fortune could devise had conspired against us for the last eighteen months, but it appears that she is disposed to become more friendly, and to look on us with some greater degree of favour.?What does it concern our interest that Conde has obtained the command, to our prejudice, of the army which has been furnished by the King of Prussia and the Emperor if the blow which is preparing be struck? That alone will be worth his whole army- sixty men of the Mountain, belonging to the assembly, and the English Minister, are with us: with such succours we may hope for every thing.- Quit, my dear Brother, that voluptuous lethargy in which you are plunged? see Pitt more frequently. I admit that it is hard to cringe when we should command, but that time cannot be far distant; the reeds which bends exists much longer than the oak which snaps or breaks in two- you will be an oak in your turn. My Brother (and God knows what will be the result of it), give me an account of every thing, especially of the new measures of the Cabinet of George III. or more properly speaking of William Pitt."

(Signed) "LOUIS STANISLAV XAVIER."


The following is a letter from the same to the same, written after the death of Louis XVI.:-

"It is done, my dear Brother, the blow is struck- I hold in my hands the official news of the death of the unfortunate Louis, and have only time to send it you; I am also informed that his son is in a dying state. In shedding tears for our dear relatives, you will not forget of what advantage to the State their death is.- Let that idea be your consolation, and think that the Grand Prior, your son (the Duke de Angouleme) is after me the hopes and heir of the Monarchy.

(Signed) "LOUIS STANISLAV XAVIER."

It is certain that the above, as well as other letters of the same character, are in the 6th volume of the Censeur. They are, no doubt, published at this moment for the purpose of injuring the cause of Louis XVIII. if not to prepare the world for his removal.

DESCRIPTION of the ISLAND of ST. HELENA.


WRITTEN BY AN OFFICER IN THE HON. EAST INDIA COMPANY'S SERVICE.

Rugged rocks and lofty mountains,
Interspers'd with crystal fountains,
Here and there a grove of trees,
Are all the wandering stranger sees;
The tradesmen, imitating fops,
With heads as empty as their shops;
The girls, drest out from top to toe,
Like painted dolls in puppet-show;
Unsocial wretches here reside,
Alike their poverty and pride,
Throughout this Isle, there's scarce a creature
With either breeding, or good nature:
For rugged rocks, and barren fields,
Are all that St. Helena yields*.

*Except an abundance of water-cresses and plenty of fish.

=================

The following is Bonaparte's certificate, on leaving the School of Brienne:

"M: de BONAPARTE (NAPOLEON) born the 15th of August, 1769, four feet, eleven inches, has completed his four years. Constitution? excellent health; Character, submissive, mild, polite, and obliging; Conduct? extremely regular; has always distinguished himself by his application to the mathematics. He knows his history and geography very tolerably; is very deficient in the politer exercises; will make an excellent seaman; worthy to enter the Military School of Paris."

A letter from Vienna, dated July 26, says - "When the intelligence of Napoleon having surrendered himself to the English arrived here, the Empress went to Baden to prepare the Archduchess Maria Louisa for this news. She received it with firmness, but after the departure of our august Sovereign the Archduchess shut herself up in her apartments. We are assured that she will soon leave Baden to return to the Castle of Schoenbrunn. She has forbid the persons who attend on her son to inform him of the events which have occurred in France."

The above letter is a proof that, notwthstanding the lies that have been told of this Lady, she still bears towards her husband the duty and affection of a wife.? How to reconcile the conduct of her father towards her, to any thing resembling honour or humanity, we profess ourselves wholly unable.

"Were the friends of freedom," says Mr. Cobbett, "as unfeeling as their adversaries, they would exult in the fall of Bonaparte as the triumph of their principles. For who is it that has fallen? Not 'the child and champion of jacobinism'? as he once had the honour to be styled by the child and champion of corruption? not the darling hero of democracy with 'Liberty and Equality or Death,' inscribed on his banners. No? But and Emperor and King? the Son in Law of the House of Austria? the eulogist, the associate, the friend, the preserver, the restorer, the upholder, the creator of Nobles and Kings. It is not Napoleon, driving the lazy Monks from their cells, and scattering to the winds the relics of superstition; but Napoleon crowned by the Holy Father, re-establishing in some degree Bishops and Priests, and daily prostrating in his own person, the interests of truth before the mummeries of the mass."

Guadaloupe has declared for Bonaparte. The two British Commanders on that station offered the assistance of a British force to Linois, the French Governor, to support the authority of Louis XVIII. which he declined, alledging that he would trust to the loyalty of the troops. He, however, on the 18th June, the memorable day on which the hopes of Bonaparte were for ever extinguished, hoisted the tri-coloured flag, and sanctioned the act by a solemn proclamation, acknowledging Bonaparte as the Sovereign of France.

The Gazette de France, making the third newspaper within a fortnight, has been suppressed, because it proposed that the weight of the expence for the reimbursement of the Allies should fall on those Frenchmen only who had declared for Bonaparte. This may have been a very foolish paragraph, but surely its folly might have been demonstrated, and its impolicy refuted. These acts of tyranny are calculated to ruin the unfortunate Louis. It is in vain that he has taken up Talleyrand and Fouche? in vain that he affects moderation, when he imitates the practice of the most despotic Sovereigns who now are his visitors, or rather, his landlords, in this dearest aliment of mental life. Nothing can be so true as the maxim which an illustrious member of his family is said to have submitted to him before his indiscreet departure from Ghent-- that his throne could only be supported by moral as well as physical force.

The French Papers mention that Marshal Brune, who lately commanded at Toulon, has committed suicide. Ney has been arrested and has been conveyed to Paris, but whether the King will dare to put him to death, or even to try him, seems doubtful.

================

We are informed by a Gentleman who has left Paris within these few days, that the account of Bonaparte's surrender to this country, and his subsequent removal to St. Helena, are wholly disbelieved in France by the great mass of the population. They laugh at the thing as a ridiculous story invented by the partizans of Louis XVIII. to strengthen their own cause, and weaken that of the Bonapartists. The general belief is, that Bonaparte is still in France, and that he will soon re-appear at the head of an army to dispute once more the sceptre with Louis. - Such are the consequences of a shackled press! - It is known that nothing can be admitted into the Paris Papers but what the Government permits, and hence truth and falsehood are received with equal incredulity.

BONAPARTE.


We have collected the following additional particulars respecting the departure of BONAPARTE:--

Letter from an Officer on board the Northumberland off Plymouth, 8th August, 1815.

"Lord Keith joined us off Torbay, when we received the celebrated General of the day. It would be useless in me to dwell on the manner in which Napoleon was conveyed from the Bellerophon to the Northumberland- that you would see in the daily papers. There was a commanding majesty in his appearance, while he continued in the boat, which struck me as well represented in the prints; but on his èntre on the quarter-deck, I thought the majesty of the character decreased. Bertrand ascended first? Napoleon followed. I was breathless with expectation. The Guard received him as a General. He was clad in a green coat, white facings, red collar, waistcoat, breeches, and stockings white, with a formidable cocked hat. He walked uncovered from the gangway to the after part of the quarter-deck. He bowed to each individual, asked twenty questions, and appeared to smile with approbation at the reception he met with. He eat a most hearty dinner, came out afterwards, and requested the band play God Save the King, and Rule Britannia. His head is larger than you see in the prints-- more care-worn, pale, and wan; his forehead thinly covered with hair, but a luxuriance behind, and not a grey hair in it; his eye is not black, nor could I perceive any thing remarkably penetrating? it was quick, and he appeared to watch every eye that was bent on him. I have had a great deal of conversation with Madame Bertrand and with the Count; they are anxious to learn the sentiments of the English nation regarding their conduct."


We learn that on parting from those of his attendants which were taken from him, all wept, but particularly Savary, and a Polish Officer (six feet two inches high) who had been exalted from the ranks by Bonaparte. He clung to his master's knees; wrote an interesting letter to Lord Keith, entreating permission to accompany him, even in the most menial capacity, which could not be admitted. Previous to the moment of separation, Bonaparte gave some of his Officers left behind a certificate to the following effect, which had been first drawn up, at the general request, by General Gorgaud, and then altered by Bonaparte himself, and signed:--

"Circumstances prevent my retaining you any longer near me. You have served me with zeal. I have always been satisfied with you. Your conduct on this last occasion deserves my praise, and confirms me in what I had reason to expect from you. On board the Northumberland, 7th Aug. 1815.

"NAPOLN."

The words in Italics were substituted by Bonaparte for: "In my prosperity you have served me with zeal, and by accompanying me in my adversity you have confirmed the good opinion I had of you. Receive my thanks."

Bonaparte had, according to report, about 3500l. in Napoleons; which, with his plate and other valuables, were counted and sealed up in the presence of Lord Keith and Sir G. Cockburn, and are to be held in trust.

His baggage consisted of two services of plate, some articles in gold, and a superb toilet of plate, books, beds, &c. which he took with him.

After settling his followers and domestics, he had about 200l. to carry with him. The persons suffered to attend him were Bertrand, his wife, and children, Montholon, his wife and child, Gorgaud, and Les Casses. The principal individuals separated from him, were Savary and L'Allemand.

It is said that he sent into Plymouth, in the course of one week, linen of various descriptions to be washed, to the value of 800l. Among the articles was a pair of sheets of exquisite texture, and bordered with lace more than half a yard in breadth. All the other articles were of a corresponding rarity and value.

Our sentiments on the forced deportation of this extraordinary man have been openly and fully expressed in our preceding numbers. It is indeed to be regretted for the honour of our country, that at a period when the name of England stands so high in military glory, advantage should not have been taken of the opportunity which his surrender gave, to place it equally above contradiction in the renown of magnanimity and forbearance. That some risk would have attended this proceeding, we are ready to admit? but a certain portion of risk seems necessary to the constitution of all great actions, and here the risk was not so great (for he might still have been watched) as to counterbalance the reputation.

In dismissing this subject for the present, it is impossible not to remark, on the extreme eagerness with which our ministerial Papers lay hold of every opportunity to blacken a fallen man. Every species of annoyance that malevolence can dictate or invention supply, every engine of fraud and deception is, at present, employed to destroy the character of Napoleon; who, belied at home and calumniated abroad, stands the general butt of malice and revenge. The town is inundated with fabricated portfolios, exaggerated journals of Spanish campaigns, forged letters of Ney, and accounts of his conduct after the battle of Waterloo, by a man of the name of St. Didier - a wretch, who, having like Fouche betrayed his patron, now deems it necessary to lift up his heel against him. How contrary is such conduct to that resulting from real bravery. The behaviour of the officers and crew of the Bellerophon is a proof of this. They were incapable of insulting over the fallen fortunes of a man who once gave laws to the greater part of the civilized world.? Indeed, if we cast our eyes upon the personal habits and private peculiarities of Napoleon, we shall observe little to censure, and much to admire. If we take into consideration his exemplary emperance, his early rising, his simplicity of dress, his dignity of manner, his prodigious and incredible energy in the Cabinet, and in the field, his ardent love of literature, his undaunted courage, his promptitude of conception and rapidity of execution; if we contemplate the unparalleled celerity and extent of his conquests, and call to mind the circumstance of his having effected the subjugation of Continental Europe before he had attained the age of forty: we shall not be surprised that all the Monarchs of Europe dread the very sound of his name. He has truly said posterity will judge him, and judge him justly.

Much has been said of Bonaparte's want of faith in quitting Elba and landing in France, which we always suspected he was impelled to by the conduct of the Allied Powers. In one of the declarations issued on his landing, he expressly accuses the Allies of an intention to remove him from Elba; and we now learn that a proposition was actually made at the Congress to transfer him to St. Helena as the prisoner of the British Government. This proposition, we have the best authority to state, was made by Telleyrand, strongly seconded by the Spanish Minister, and countenanced by Lord Castlereagh, the opposition of Austria alone prevented its immediate adoption, and the escape of Bonaparte from Elba put a stop to the discussion. But it is stated that Bonaparte, aware of the proposition, and apprehensive that Austria would yield, was urged abruptly to quit Elba and invade France much sooner than his partizans desired or expected. It is added, by our informant, upon whose veracity and intelligence we have utmost reliance, that this proposition was the meditated breach of the Treaty of Fontainebleau, to which our readers may remember Bonaparte pointedly alluded in one of his earliest Proclamations upon his return to France.

When some of the free passages of the English newspapers were read to Bonaparte, or rather when the Countess Bertrand, upon coming to them, suddenly stopped her reading, being unwilling to offend him by the epithets therein lavished on him, Bonaparte desired her to proceed - "It is posterity, Madam, that will judge me justly; these people speak of what they do not understand."

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TRIAL OF COLONEL LABEDOYERE.


COURT-MARTIAL, MONDAY, AUGUST 14.

We beg to remind our Readers that we are compelled to extract the following trial from Newspapers whose very existence depends on the arbitrary fiut of the Members of the paternal Government of the Bourbons. We have no doubt that not merely omissions have been made from - but additions made to, the Colonel's defence:--

After some preliminary papers had been read, the prisoner was introduced. He was attired in a green surtout, and did not wear any decoration. He is tall, well made, and dignified in his deportment; his physiognomy is fine and agreeable. At first he appeared pale and dejected; but he presently assumed an air of confidence, and his public examination commenced.

The PRESIDENT.-- What is your name, your age, your rank, and the place of your birth? -- I am called Charles Angelique François Huchot de Labedoyere, I am twenty-nine years of age, a General Officer, and a native of Paris.

What rank did you hold on the 1st of March, 1815? -- I was a Lieutenant Colonel of the 7th regiment of the line.

From whom did you receive your Commission? -- From the King.

What flag did your regiment receive? -- A white flag, ornamented with the fleurs de lis.

Where was the flag received? -- At Chambery; I was not present.

An oath was taken with the flag? -- I suppose so; I was not there.

What decorations had you? -- I was an Officer of the Legion of Honour, and a Knight of the Iron Crown.

Had not you likewise the Cross of St. Louis? -- I never received the Cross of St. Louis.

Where did you learn the disembarkation of Bonaparte? -- At Chambery, where I received from Major-General Devilliers orders to proceed with my regiment to Grenoble.

Where was your regiment placed there? -- It bivouacked on the ramparts.

By what order did it quit its post to proceed towards Gap, by which route Bonaparte arrived? -- By no order except mine.

What word did you give on ordering the regiment to march forward? -- Vive l'Empereur.

When did you present the Eagle to your regiment? -- On quitting the fauxbourg of Grenoble. -- As to the eagle it was preserved in a box as a curiosity, because it had been honourably distinguished in the Spanish war.

Did you not tear off your white cockade and assume the tri-coloured one? -- No, I had no tri-coloured cockade.

Did not General Devilliers hasten after you, and use both persuasive and authoritative measures to bring you to your duty? -- Yes, General Devilliers spoke to me of ties which I was breaking, and the probable consequences of my proceeding; but I answered that the interest of my country prevailed over all other considerations.

Colonel Labedoyere wished to submit to the Court an observation connected with his examination. "The law he said ordains the hearing of witnesses concerning facts; it is silent on the hearing of witnesses relative to the circumstances which might have determined or brought about such or such an action; but it orders that military prisoners should be tried by Courts-martial of their respective divisions, in order to facilitate to them the means of moral justification in the very places where the crime imputed to them may have been committed; the last ordinance of his Majesty appears to deprive prisoners of the benefit of the law: Can they demand it? this is the question which I wish to submit to the Court."

The Court over-ruled the question, and passed to the hearing of the witnesses.

Count Agoult, Major-General, Colonel-Major of the body guards; Messrs. Felix Bouret, Hypolite Andru, Advocate of Grenoble; Henry Decrouy, royal chasseur, recited, some as ocular witnesses, others upon simple hearsay, the following facts:--

M. de Labedoyere, whose regiment (which arrived at Grenoble on the morning of the 7th of March) was stationed on the rampart, held a very animated conversation with Lieutenant-General Count Marchand, Superior Commandant, and quitted him in much ill humour. About three o'clock he gave orders to march forward, and was scarcely out of town when he drew his sword and exclaimed Vive l'Empereur! He caused a chest to be searched, from which he took a gilt eagle, which he placed at the top of a branch of willow, and the same evening entered Grenoble in the suite of Bonaparte.

Major-General Devillers deposed in his turn, that having heard an extraordinary noise on the ramparts, he proceeded thither; where he learned that the 7th regiment, commanded by its Colonel, had abandoned its post to go and meet Bonaparte. He hastened on foot by the road the regiment had taken; met a horse by chance, mounted him, galloped after the deserters, made a hundred go back, but when he reached the head of the corps, neither his orders, nor prayers, nor menaces were heard. "I spoke," said General Devilliers, "to M. de Labedoyere of honour and country. He replied to me "country and honour!" But apparently he did not understand the words in the same manner that I did, and I could get nothing from him."

The depositions of several other witnesses, added nothing to the weight of the facts, which the accused never denied.

The REPORTER (Judge Advocate) now rose and spoke.? The attempt of Colonel Labedoyere holds the first rank amongst the crimes that, for several months, deprived France of her legitimate King, caused the invasion of our country, and conducted it to the brink of a precipice, the depth of which one trembles to fathom. It is to his defection we owe all other defections, the revolution of the 20th March, the defeat of Waterloo, and the invasion of our provinces.

The Reporter proceeded to recapitulate rapidly the conduct of the accused, which was criminal as a Frenchman, as a soldier, as chief of a corps? he was guilty of rebellion towards his superior officers, of treason to the King. He repelled all political considerations which might be adduced to excuse or palliate the offence of the Colonel. The Tribunals charged to maintain the discipline of the armies look only to facts, and not to results and consequences. Let M. Labedoyere dare to contemplate the scourge he has not spared to bring upon his country? let him behold our provinces beat down beneath the weight of foreign armies? let him see the situation of France and judge. Let not this maxim be alleged, the application of which would be false and dangerous, that where the number of guilty is immense, pardon becomes necessary. The first accusation, the first punishment, ought to fall upon the first who is guilty. What! if Colonel Labedoyere had been alone guilty of defection, there would be no hesitation in punishing him. Because, therefore, his guilty example has found imitators? because his crime has led to the most terrible results, shall he be absolved! No.

In his severe, but just inflexibility, M. Viotti, organ of the law, avenger of society, prayed, that Colonel Labedoyere be declared guilty of rebellion and treason, for having aided and assisted the invasion of Bonaparte? that he be degraded from his rank, deprived of his decorations, and punished with death.

M. BEXON, who appeared as Counsel for the accused, confined himself to these expressions: --

"Gentlemen -- Before I resolved to lend some support to the misery of Colonel Labedoyere, I endeavoured to know him and to dive into his soul. I found there grandeur and nobleness, and I thought that his defence could not inspire you with so much interest from any other mouth as from his own."

M. Labedoyere now rose and read his defence, which appeared to be written in haste, and without method, upon slips of paper.

"If on this important day my life alone were compromised, I should abandon myself to the encouraging idea, that he who has sometimes led brave men to death, would know how to march to death himself like a brave man, and I should not detain you. But my honour is attacked as well as my life, and it is my duty to defend it, because it does not belong to me alone? a wife, the model of every virtue, has a right to demand an account of it from me. Shall my son, when reason comes to enlighten him, blush at his inheritance? -- I feel strength enough to resist the most terrible attacks, if I al able to say honour is untouched.

"I may have been deceived -- misled by illusions, by recollections, by false ideas of honour? it is possible that country spoke a chimerical language to my heart."

The accused here declared, that he had no intention, nor was it possible for him to deny facts, public and notorious; he was ready to sign the act of accusation drawn up against him, but he would justify himself from the charge of having been concerned in any plot that preceded the return of Bonaparte; and he protested that he was convinced no relation ever existed between the isle of Elba and Paris.

"In 1814 neither the nation nor the army could longer suffer the yoke of Bonaparte? it was tired of war without motive? exhausted by sacrifices without utility? all felt the necessity of a repairing government? where could we flatter ourselves that we should find it but in the recal of the Bourbons, whose name reminded France of a long series of good kings, and ages of prosperity. Hence they were welcomed with an enthusiasm which was too soon chilled by numerous faults, grave errors, and fatal imprudences. The King's intentions were pure, but the outrageous zeal of his servants did him much harm. These men formed an erroneous idea of France."

The President, interrupting the accused, required him to confine himself to his defence -- "It is not a political crime of which you are accused before us, or that we are called upon to judge -- it is a military crime -- a violation of your duties as a soldier and Colonel -- try to destroy the proofs that are furnished against you -- we desire it as much as you can."

Labedoyere? "What? would you have me combat facts that are notorious, and disavow actions that are public? I never had such an idea. And since you prohibit me from entering into the examination of the political causes that led to the step for which I am called upon to answer before you, I must confine myself to the avowal of a great error, and I confess it with grief upon throwing my eyes upon my country -- My fault is the having misunderstood the intentions of the King."

It was with a visible expression of grief that the President, after a long deliberation of the Council, declared, that C. A. F. B. de Labodeyere, Colonel of the 7th regiment of the line, had been unanimously judged guilty of treason and rebellion. The Court declared besides, unanimously, that the said Labedoyere had not availed himself of the delay of eight days granted by the Ordinance of the King to all the abettors of Bonaparte to return to their duty. In consequence, they condemned him to the pain of death, to degradation from the rank of Colonel, and from the title of Commandant of the Legion of Honour, and to the payment of the expences of the trial.

This sentence, pronounced in the absence of the accused, will be read to him by the Reporter, who will announce to him that he is allowed a delay of 24 hours to demand revision of his sentence before another tribunal.



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