SUNDAY, AUGUST 6, 1815. PRICE 8d
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THE DISPOSAL OF BONAPARTE.
Why let the stricken deer go weep,
The Hart ungalled to play;
For some must weep while some must sleep,
- Thus runs the world away.
We live not in an age of philosophy. The days of chivalry are gone by. Barbarism itself had its magnanimity; but we are dropped on an age of business, in which the meanness of commerce has crept upon the heart, and absorbed all the nobleness of the national mind. From the first moment that the person of BONAPARTE has been in our power, the general talk has been nothing but how much he was worth as a shew! What a vast property might be realized, by exhibiting him in a cage at 5s. per head! The Premier has been barricadoed with numerous propositions, on this subject; and it has been said that a serious tender was made, offering to secure that sum annually to the REGENT'S favourite brother the Duke of CUMBERLAND, which the House of Commons lately so parsimoniously refused; and also to furnish Carlton-house and the Windsor Cottage with various nick-nacks,- such as golden Cupids, silver Venussses, &c. &c. provided full possession of the person of NAPOLEON was duly made over to the Contractors. The Bard's fancy of "tracing the noble spirit of an ALEXANDER, till you found it stopping a bung-hole," were dignity itself compared with such a six-penny shew of BONAPARTE, all alive,o! But to come back to his personal surrender.
We last week gave such particulars relative to the affair of NAPOLEON'S surrender, as had transpired.- When this extraordinary man supposed that the first personage of this State was a fair sample of the spirit of England; or that he possessed any trait of character which could give him a resemblance to the heroes of that age to which the letter to his Royal Highness recalls our attention: when it was conceived that the arena of our Court, or Administration, offered to his circumstances, the bold and generous characters of the days of THEMISTOCLES, - he woefully and fatally deceived himself.*1 We have no Molossian Prince, who can sympathize with the humbled fortunes of a great enemy; we have no ARTAXERXES, who can be so magnificent as to give up three of his richest cities as ministering resources to the table of a captive General! It were more on a level with our state politics, rather to seize the opportunity of making three sinecures for some of our political danglers at Court; and farming out the keep of this THEMISTOCLES of the age, by a contract with the crumbs of the gaoler's table. However the semblance betwixt BONAPARTE and THEMISTOCLES may hold good, it is certainly nearer than that betwixt his conquerors, and the noble enemies of the great ATHENIAN. Unfortunately, however, for the ribaldry of The Courier, BONAPARTE does not compare himself to THEMISTOCLES. He speaks only as to the act of surrendering himself to the generosity of an enemy. "Je viens comme THEMISTOCLE, m'asseior sur les foyers du peuple Britannique," &. He uses the words of the British nation, or people, instead of his enemies. The parallel does not go beyond the act of throwing himself on his enemy- here it ceases, and here it is intended to cease. But if it were continued, it holds firmer in point of fact, on the side of BONAPARTE, than it does in any other particular, in respect to persons, or results. In the hands of the present Administration, he will feel the wrath of the least generous of his enemies. On what plea they bottom the right of banishing him to St. Helena, we know not. He is outlawed, if the congregated Monarchs of Europe possess the right of outlawing one of their own number, of which we have much doubt, only as a Sovereign; but he has ceased to be, either a King or a foe. He has nothing of the character of a prisoner of war. He pays a compliment to the nation, by throwing himself on its protection; and the character of the country is outraged by a sentence of banishment, where no offence is declared, or even premised. The more our recollection is recalled to the wars of other times, the more are we destined to lament an increasing departure from the true moral grandeur of the warriors of old; men who commonly respected a fallen enemy, in proportion to the power and effect with which he had wielded the advantages of war against them. But those were the days in which Princes and Governors, were warriors also. There is something in danger which sublimes sentiment, and elevates principles of hostility. The feeling of enmity terminates with the battle. But when we come down to the mercantile principle of making war by deputy; where the persons who originate and terminate the contests of arms, sit in the distance of frigid and unsympathetic calculation, making jobbing estimates of defeat or conquest, in the true spirit of trade; where this empire-mongring spirit is left in plodding security, fretting and fluctuating with the tide of success, but partaking not in its danger- all the bad passions of enmity seize upon the heart, without any portion of that generous feeling, with which actual combat, as with a providential design, never fails to brighten the horrors of strife. If we look for ferocity and cruelty, towards an humbled enemy, it is not among our brave soldiers, or sailors, that we shall find it.*2 It is among the tools of faction- the retainers of corruption- the Paper and Debate-enemies- who would exterminate a people for no other reason than because such an act squared with the prophecy of their opinions- it is among such heroes as these that all which is disgraceful to the military character of the times, originates. And here, we cannot refrain from observing, that the Duke of WELLINGTON, himself, no sooner puts his hand to the political purpose of a Convention, than he is instantly assailed by the whole crew of our paper combatants, as a weak and credulous driveller. He was guilty of an unpardonable generosity. These are the precise expressions of the men who never fight; and who, having the "vantage ground," can see no policy beyond hanging and exterminating to the last man; to pour the vials of humiliation to the last dreg. Practical soldiers know a policy better than this, if a more generous hostility did not suggest it. They know that the chances of battle are dreadfully uncertain; and that they are more or less, constantly requiring and receiving from the foe, the noble and gallant remission of enmity, which justice, as well as generosity, sanction in return. It were only under the influence of our trading war-faction, that the prerogative of the Crown could be extended to an act disgraceful to the spirit and honour of the English people. We may indeed wield the power of a conqueror over an individual, with a shameful severity; but the battle with France may remain to be fought out under different circumstances. It were always becoming in a great nation, so to conduct herself in the period of prosperity, as to be able to meet the chances of adversity with the proud port and consciousness of not having deserved them; and reserving for the day of humility, no recollections that shall embitter it. In this point of view, the conduct of BONAPARTE, towards the Princes which he might have dethroned and banished with impunity, will remain a never-ending disgrace to them, and of honour to him. This will be the sentence of history; and events, yet hidden in the dark womb of time, may furnish a dreadful commentary on the unrelenting hostility of the Crowned Heads of Europe towards him. Cruelty and persecution will now only canonize BONAPARTE. It will speak more than a thousand victories, the fearful ascendancy of the man's mind over the legitimate Princes of our days.- They may hem him round by rocks and oceans, and station an army to watch him. This is but a humiliating confessional on their parts. In the mean time, the calm conduct of the captive- the preserved tranquillity of his mind, amid reverses without parallel, in their extremity- excite as much the astonishment of the philosopher, as the conquests have formerly astounded all military foresight and calculation. But we shall offer a few more observations on the peculiar traits of his moral character, in a future Number.
*1 Thucydides, the Historian, gives the following account of ancient hospitality, as experienced by THEMISTOCLES:-"It happened that when THEMISTOCLES arrived at the usual residence of ADMETUS, (a Greek prince, King of the Molossians, and his personal enemy) that Prince was absent. He applied, however, to the QUEEN, and having the good fortune to conciliate her favour, she furnished him with means to insure protection from her husband. Among the Greeks, some altar was the usual resource of fugitives; if they could reach one, their persons were generally secure against violence;- but the Queen of the Molossians delivered her infant son to THEMISTOCLES, and directed him to await the return of the King, sitting by the hearth, with the child in his arms. No manner of supplication was held by the Molossians so sacred. An audience being thus obtained, THEMISTOCLES won ADMETUS to receive him not only into protection but into friendship. The Lacedemonian and Athenian Messengers arriving soon after, the Molossian Prince urged the custom of his country in excuse for a decisive refusal to deliver up his supplicant. Molossia was not, however, a situation for THEMISTOCLES to remain in, and with the assistance of his protector he passed over into Asia, in the chance of protection from the great enemy of his country, ARTAXERXES, King of Persia, to whom he must have considered himself particularly obnoxious, as the principal cause of the disgraces and losses of the Persians in their attempts upon Greece; but as it had been long the policy of the Persian Court to protect and encourage Grecian refugees, he might hope that the acquisition of him as a future friend would be valued in proportion as he had been heretofore a formidable enemy. He accordingly addressed a letter to ARTAXERXES, to which he received a favourable answer. Having arrived at Susa, his reception at that Court was such as no Greek had ever before experienced. In the usual style of oriental magnificence, three of the most flourishing of the Grecian cities yet remaining under the Persian dominion, were, with their territories, assigned for the nominal purpose of supplying his table only: Magnesia was to furnish bread, Mycene meat, and Lampsacus, wine, &c. &c. &c."
*2 Such has been the general demeanour of BONAPARTE, on board a British ship of war, that he has acquired, among our brave sailors, the character of a devilish good fellow!
Mr. Capel Loft has addressed a letter to the Editor of The Morning Chronicle, in which he contends that it is illegal to banish Bonaparte, and that an Habeus Corpus might be sued out in his favour. The following are the arguments this Gentleman makes use of, which, however well they may be founded, we believe will make very little impression on the minds of the men who have the destiny of Napoleon at their disposal.
"Bonaparte, with the concurrence of the Admiralty, is within the limits of British local allegiance. He is a temporary, considered as private, though not a natural born subject, and as such, within the limits of 31 Car.II. The Habeus Corpus Act, our second Magna Charta, says that no subject, being an inhabitant or resident of England, &c. shall be sent prisoner into Scotland, &c. or unto places beyond the seas, c. 12. All persons within the realm of England, which includes the adjoining seas, are temporary subjects if aliens, or permanent if natural born.
"Though not on the British soil, he is within the protection of the British law. If at Plymouth, he is in a British county. An Habeus Corpus, if issued, must be obeyed; and would no doubt willingly be obeyed by the Captain of the Bellerophon. It would be issuable, being Vacation, by the Chancellor, the Chief Justice of England, or other of the Judges at their house or chambers, immediately, founded on an affidavit. And if all communication with the Bellerophon is shut out, which might enable Napoleon himself to make application, the imprisonment of any individual within the limits of the English laws and Constitution, concerns the dignity, the liberty and the rights of every Englishman; fault or error in respect to this all protective law, which being remedial must be most liberally construed.
"I am of opinion that deportation, or transportation, or relegation, cannot legally exist in this country, except where the law expressly provides it on trial and sentence.
"It cannot be expected that many authorities should be quoted in such a peculiar case: neither is it necessary, as it differs from the common cases of every day, chiefly in the greatness of the Person who is its object.
"Divested of these circumstances it is this. He voluntarily came on board; Captain Maitland received him, agreeably, as the Captain understands, to secret orders. If he is debarred of all communication and correspondence, and forbidden to land, this must be some order or for some purpose. And the Writ of Habeus Corpus is the legal mode of investigating as to all persons whether their liberty be legally or illegally restrained and all restraint of liberty is illegal, of which the legality is not clearly and strictly proved.
"I know of no law of ours which supports such a conduct, as is asserted to have already taken place, and to be further determined. And I trust we are not yet come to this, that the will and practice of the Confederates is a law to us."
EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM TORBAY.
"Bonaparte on Tuesday was seen the greatest part of the morning at the windows of the cabin, generally in conversation with Bertrand or L'Allemand, and occasionally looking with a small opera glass at the gazing groupes crowded in the vessels below, of all ages and occupations, and sometimes appeared reading a newspaper; but he had none of the usual French gesticulation, and his countenance seldom altered. He is now very corpulent; and annexing that idea with the print of him, full length, as taken standing with his arms across on the parade, or the older print of him, as musing in the gardens of Malmaison, will give the best idea of his person. He was dressed in a very plain green coat, with a red collar, also perfectly plain, coming close round his neck, the coat buttoned close on the breast, and cut back in the usual French fashion, shewing a white waistcoat, and pantaloons: a silver star on the left breast, two large gold epaulets, a low cocked hat, perfectly plain and high boots. His complexion is a clear uniform brown, no mustachios or whiskers, only his jet black hair appearing before the ear and a little behind. His eye is black, rather small, a steady, fixed look. The most remarkable feature is the chin, which is very prominent; lips small; forming altogether a handsome, and divested of the ideas happily inseparable from his person, a pleasing countenance. He is rather bald on the top of the head. Soon after five o'clock he appeared walking steadily the length of the quarter-deck, on the starboard side, with L'Allemand; Bonaparte kept next the side of the ship, with his hat on, rather attending to his companion's conversation, than taking much part in it himself. He frequently used his handkerchief, and otherwise had generally his right hand in the pocket of his pantaloons, and his left just throwing back his coat; sometimes his hands crossed behind. He paused, more or less, at the end of each turn, occasionally noticing some others of his suite, who all seemed to keep at a certain distance, and L'Allemand and all, with their hats off. Captain Maitland was standing at the gangway with some of his officers, and a French Officer, dressed in blue, covered with silver lace and embroidery, said to be Savary. There were two or three Ladies (Madame Bertrand and others) much dressed, in the French fashion. All seemed to treat Bonaparte as the Emperor; who appeared as one in thought, walking a very steady pace, quite upright, now and then stooping a little to look through the port-holes at the vessels alongside. His person altogether gives one the idea of a strong man. At six o'clock the bell rang, dinner was announced, and he went below, followed by his attendants. Our jolly tars, with their usual good humour, put out a board, chalked, 'He's gone to dine.' He remained, however, not much above half an hour, when another board announced his re-appearance on the deck; where he resumed his walk in the same spot, occasionally with a child, and conversing with Bertrand or the Ladies. He continued walking till dusk, when the view of this extraordinary man was closed to our countrymen, for the ship sailed at five next morning for Plymouth."
EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM PLYMOUTH, DATED FRIDAY, JULY 28."On the arrival of the Bellerophon, 74, Hon. Captain Maitland, in Plymouth Sound, on Wednesday last, having on board Napoleon Bonaparte and suite, the Eurotas and Briton frigates, then lying in the Sound, were immediately ordered to anchor near her, and six gun-boats, with a Lieutenant and eight men each, ordered to be continually rowing round her, to prevent any communication; so very strict are they, that no boat whatever (except the Admiral's) is permitted to come within the frigates or guard-boats, stationed about a cable's length distant round the Bellerophon, not even to lay to; and no distinction made to Captains and Officers in the Navy. Immense numbers of people have made efforts to get a nearer view, and have as often been peremptorily ordered off, or fired at. It is said Bonaparte has sent a note to Admiral Lord Keith, inviting him on board, which his Lordship is reported not to have answered. The Generals, &c. who accompanied him from France, are some of them on board the Bellerophon, and others on board the Myrmidon sloop and Slaney brig."
EXTRACT OF ANOTHER LETTER.
"He is about five feet four inches high, well made, stout withal, and a little round shouldered. To give you an account of the riches he has with him is out of my power. All I can say is that every thing he uses is gold or silver. I should wish you to see him, but that is impossible, as no one is permitted to go on board. When he is walking alone, his hands are folded behind him, and his countenance assumes a pensive cast. The line of his face is singular, being neither white nor sallow, but of a colour somewhat resembling bronze, and glossy. He often looks through his glass at Mount Edgecumbe, perhaps with the same view as the Duke of Medina CSli, who, when hovering off Plymouth Sound, with the Spanish Armada, marked it out as his own, should the invasion prove successful. At his meals he exercises what is called in England a good knife and fork, and rarely speaks: in the use of liquors he is more abstemious.
"His Marshals are almost continuously on deck, in full uniform, in converse with their master, or the ladies and children. Madame Bertrand has been peculiarly inquisitive concerning his destination, and frequently hints that the Emperor is poor, having only a million of francs, or 40,000l. to boast of, while Talleyrand, formerly his minister, possesses immense wealth in all the funds of different countries. The number of strangers flocking to the port from all parts of England defies calculation, and every boat and barge is in requisition."
EXTRACT OF ANOTHER ACCOUNT.
"On Thursday he gratified the spectators with his appearance frequently on the poop and gangway, on which occasions the British, as well as the French officers, stood uncovered and apart! One of his officers intimating to him, that Sir Richard Strachan was in a barge alongside, Bonaparte instantly took off his hat, and bowed to him with a smile. This was a favourable opportunity for the various observers, as he continued walking in full view nearly an hour. Mrs. Maitland was also complimented with a bow. Yesterday Admiral Viscount Keith had a short interview with Bonaparte, at the request we understand of the latter, when orders were given, that he should be treated as a prisoner and foreign General."
"PLYMOUTH, JULY 29.- The weather being remarkably fine yesterday, several thousand persons surrounded the Bellerophon, in order to see Bonaparte, and the public were fully gratified about six o'clock in the evening, he having stood near twenty minutes on the gangway, completely in view of the public, and it is expected he will do so daily. Several transports arrived yesterday with wounded French prisoners from Waterloo. Bonaparte earnestly looked at them from the stern gallery of the Bellerophon, during the time they were passing that ship. Captain Maitland and all the British Officers remain uncovered during the time he remains on deck."
"PLYMOUTH, JULY 30.- When Bonaparte first came on board the Bellerophon he was received without the least ceremony, not even a guard was turned out for him. Shortly after Sir H. Hotham arrived in the Superb, and the next day Bonaparte went on board her, where he was received with a guard, the yards manned, and saluted (but I do not know with how many guns) and when he returned to the Bellerophonhe was received in the same manner. The orders received here from the Government are to treat him as a General Officer, and nothing more; and none but the Commanders in Chief (of the Navy, Lord Keith and Sir J. Duckworth) have permission to go on board. I learn that Bonaparte himself, and two of his Generals, are constantly employed in writing from the morning (after breakfast) till 4 o'clock, when he walks upon deck till half-past 5, occasionally shewing himself to the people in the numberless boats which surround the ship, as close as they can get; but there is a frigate moored on each side of the Bellerophon, from which boats now guard day and night, to keep all boats off, at which Bonaparte is very indignant, and said that he should think that he was secure enough on board a British 74, without being guarded in such a way. The letter to the Prince is correctly stated, but it was sent to him only by last Thursday's post: it had been determined upon before he left Rochefort, where some of his followers got copies of it, from whence it found its way to Paris and London. When on deck he talks familiarly with all the Officers and men, and has all of our newspapers read to him by one of the General's wives, who is a connection of the Dillons. It was endeavoured to keep The Times and Courier from him, that he might not hear any thing offensive on board the ship, situated as he was, but he asked particularly for them, and would not be satisfied without hearing them every day."
"MONDAY EVENING.- The boats get within 30 yards of the Bellerophon, and Bonaparte is seen at the gangway for 20 minutes at a time. He always leaves the cabin and walks to the quarter-deck and gangways while the cloth is laying for dinner. On Sunday, the weather clearing up, which had been unfavourable during the whole of Saturday, the Sound was again covered with an immense number of boats, and the pressure was so great, that the guard-boats, with extreme difficulty, kept them a few yards only from the ship. As the time for the appearance of Bonaparte drew nigh (a quarter before six) the exertions of the boats to get a "good birth" produced no small confusion. About this time some wags on the poop of the Bellerophon, played water from an engine on the starboard quarter upon those beneath them. The groans, hisses, and shouts of the enraged multitude, however, were soon heard, and the playing of the engine ceased. When Bonaparte appeared, the innermost boats touched the side. A number of distinguished personages were observed in the men of war's boats in the inside, under the ship's ladder. The same scene, with little variation, took place on Monday, except that the number of boats had increased so much on both sides of the ship, that the guard-boats were rendered useless, and the sides of the ship were touched in every part. Bonaparte, as usual, appeared at a quarter before six on the larboard gangway -bowed- remained three minutes, and then went over to the starboard side, where he remained six or seven minutes. There were 1500 boats in the Sound, all crammed with spectators."It is supposed that there were not less than 10,000 persons round the Bellerophon this evening. Bonaparte stood on the gang-way about half an hour, between six and seven o'clock."
REVIEW OF THE BRITISH ARMY in PARIS.
(EXTRACT OF A LETTER.)
The Review of the British Army on Monday last was most splendid. It was a proud day for Britain, and for every Briton who was present on the occasion.
The line, it is said, would have extended 15 miles, but the troops were formed in their divisions and brigades first, each marching about seven o'clock in the morning, and formed in close columns of regiments; and a reserve, in the like formation, in a second line on the right of the first, consisting of the household troops, the heavy dragoons, and some brigades of horse artillery, being on the Champ Elysee, next the Place de LouisXV. and the others extending to the left, beyond the unfinished Triumphal Arch, in a direction towards the Pont de Neuilly. The Duke of Wellington (not in uniform) inspected the line about nine; the Prince of Orange soon after passed with his Staff, and took his post at the head of his division, as did the other Generals; Blucher, and some others, also looked at them.
At about ten the Duke came, in full uniform, with all his stars, ribbons, &c. having the Emperor of Russia on his right, and the Emperor of Austria on his left, and followed by an immense retinue, among whom were Monsieur, the Grand Dukes Nicolas and Michael, &c. &c. They passed the whole line, amidst a cloud of dust that absolutely obscured the sun. The right division had laurel in their helmets and caps, the next oak; some of the others had acacia, lime, &c. which improved their appearance. The British and Hanoverian bands played "God Save the King," the Nassau and Belgian "Oh! Belgium, Oh!" as the Emperors, &c. passed the line. The Cortege returned between the lines to the right, and took their post of salute on the very spot where Louis XVI. was beheaded.
The cavalry and artillery made a most admirable appearance, and the style with which the former darted up to form half-squadrons near the point of salute, confounded the Parisians, and made the ground quake beneath their feet. The columns of British infantry moved on with a beautiful solidity; the two first bands, with laurel, passed to the "Downfall of Paris." This was rather unfortunate, although they had acquired a right to it, and although, when marching through St. Denys, on their route to Paris, all the bands did play it: the Duke of Wellington felt hurt on this occasion; the other regiments did not continue the tune, I believe in consequence of a caution given by an Aide-de-Camp. The next division, however, marched to the tune of "Nong Tong Paw." Most of the others marched to national or regimental tunes. The Nassau troops were a beautiful body of men, and dressed in admirable style, particularly their bands (which were the most remarkable of the whole line), and their pioneers with new hatchets and unsoiled aprons, &c.- They appeared more like soldiers for the stage than the field. The British were a contrast, for they had nothing for shew, only what was useful, or had been used, and their tattered colours on their broken poles, proved the dangers they had encountered and overcome. The Belgians formed an unfortunate groupe, for except that they had arms of British manufacture in their hands, and numerous drums, &c. in their fronts, they had neither the appearance nor discipline of soldiers; but they gave great effect to the division of Guards and Highlanders which followed, and required no such contrast; but as it was, they appeared to have every thing the others did not possess. The superiority of our artillery admits of no comparison over all the others in the line, although also paid by Britain. These, both horse and foot, and the Royal Sappers and Miners, looked what they truly are, superior to any thing else of the kind in the world. The greatest contrast of all in the eyes of the Parisians, were the Highlanders and Brunswickers. All were anxious to see the former, and were delighted with them when they came- none to see the latter, for when they appeared, nothing but sacres, diables, abominations, could be heard. They did not strike me as deserving this, but they have been tolerable plunderers, which may account for it. The King of Prussia, in a plain dress, joined the Duke &c. in the course of the march. The review seemed directed to the Emperor of Russia. He received and returned the salutes, and the Duke marched at the head of the line, and saluted him also. The whole occupied about seven hours, being concluded about five. Upwards of five hours and a half were occupied in the marching part, which was done in quick time, only General and Field Officers saluting. The column was closed by the heavy brigade of battering guns.- By one account, the number of troops that passed were 65,000 besides artillery; and by another 72,000, exclusive of artillery: I think the latter the most correct, if I may guess. More British troops are daily arriving, and their rations are all supplied by France- but report says, the British are to march immediately to Normandy; and another says, the British are to occupy Paris, and the other troops to be sent to Normandy.
- Roleia and Vimeira, August 17 and 21, 1808.
- Corunna, January 16, 1809
- Oporto, May 12, 1809.
- Talavera, July 27, 1809.
- Busaco, September 27, 1810.
- Coimbra, October 7, 1810.
- Barossa, March 5 , 1811.
- Fuente de Onor, May 5, 1811.
- Almeida, May 11, 1811.
- Albuera, May 16, 1811.
- Arroyo del Molino, October 28, 1811.
- Cindad Rodrigo, January 19, 1812.
- Badajos, April 6, 1812.
- Madrid, May 14, 1812.
- Almarez, May 19, 1812.
- Salamanca, July 22, 1812.
- Castalla, May 12, 1813.
- Vittoria, June 21, 1813.
- Pyrenees, July 25, 26, 27, and 28, 1813.
- St. Sebastian, September 9, 1813.
- Bidassoa, October 9, 1813.
- Pampeluna, October 31, 1813.
- Neive, December 9, 10, 11, 12, and 13, 1813.
- Orthes, February 27, 1814.
- Toulouse, April 10, 1814.
- Waterloo, June 18, 1815.
In spite of the denunciations in The Times, Courier, and all the rest of the Ministerial prints, Bonaparte is treated by the immense crowds who arrive from all parts to see him, with that respect which the English are ever inclined to pay to misfortune, however merited. The sailors in particular view him with the greatest commiseration. They adopt a curious mode to give an account to the anxious spectators in the boats of his movements. They write in chalk on a board which they exhibit, a short account of his different occupations- "At breakfast"- "In the cabin with Captain Maitland"- "Writing with his Officers" -"Going to dinner"- "Coming upon deck," &c.
The ordonnance of the King of France against some of the Generals and Ministers of Bonaparte, is said to be considered in Paris as nearly nugatory, not only on account of the escape of most of the persons named in it, but likewise because Fouche is thought to have connived at their escape. It is affirmed that Labedoyere quitted Paris on the 24th, only the night previous to the promulgation of the ordonnance. The departure of the Duc de Bassano (Maret) had something of the air of a triumphal march: his carriages, in which was a suite of domestics, were followed by two covered waggons. He was provided with a Royal passport, signed by the Duc d'Otranto.
We have this week, in our second page, continued the narrative of circumstances attending the arrival of BONAPARTE at Plymouth, which we commenced in our last Number, and we purpose to continue it until his departure from the British shores.- The Northumberland man of war which is to convey him to St. Helena, sailed from Portsmouth on Thursday, and was expected to reach Plymouth on Friday last. Immediately on her arrival it is said he was to depart, but of his actual departure we have as yet no account. We are sorry to hear that three of the principal of his suite, amongst whom is the faithful BERTRAND, have been separated from him and sent back to France. This must have been done more for the purpose of wounding a fallen man's feelings, than in apprehension of any dangers which could result from their continuance with him. We understand that it was with some difficulty he was induced to believe that his companions were torn from him- his constant assertion being that the English Government never would treat him so. He little knew when he surrendered the dispositions of some of the Members of the English Government towards a conquered foe- and how little of grand or generous sentiments their narrow minds are capable of entertaining.
Sir HENRY BUNBURY, one of the Under Secretaries of State, had the task of announcing to NAPOLEON that St. Helena was the place of his future imprisonment, and this task he performed on Tuesday last. The following extract from a letter, dated Plymouth, Thursday, gives an account of the manner in which he received the intelligence:-
"Sir H. BUNBURY went on board the Bellerophon Tuesday morning, to announce to BONAPARTE the determination of Government as to his future destination. When St. Helena was mentioned, he exclaimed, that he could not believe that the report which he had heard of such a determination would have been officially confirmed; that no power on earth should force him to leave the Bellerophon on such a voyage; that he would not go alive out of the Sound; and that if his purpose was prevented, he hoped that he could rely on his Officers to put an end to his existence. When he appeared, as usual, in the evening, before the multitudes afloat, he looked extremely dejected and unwell.
"Such are the reports circulated since the visit of Sir H. BUNBURY, and which continued to circulate at Plymouth and at Plymouth Dock uncontradicted. In the mean time, the Northumberland, &c. are hourly expected in the Sound, and some dreadful event is looked for.
"Shortly after Sir H. BUNBURY had quitted the ship, an order was issued to keep all boats in future a cable's length from her. It was found impossible, however, to carry the order into effect on that day; and on Wednesday evening the difficulty was nearly as great as on Tuesday.- The press of boats is overwhelming, and amongst such multitudes of persons as are collected, any other measure than that of using guard-boats would be attended with most disastrous consequences."
We copy the following affecting letter from The Courier of last night. Our readers may be convinced of the authenticity of its contents from the source from whence we take it, and if Britons, or blessed with the feelings of Britons, they must blush for the stigma which posterity will affix on the British name for the exercise of such cool-blooded severity towards a prostrate foe:-
"Bellerophon, Plymouth, August 2.
"It was on Sunday the papers announced the determination of sending BONAPARTE to St. Helena, and as he regularly enquires for them, perusing with the assistance of Madame BERTRAND almost every item, that part did not long escape his notice. Indeed it was now publicly spoken of by every person. Before this I had heard it was his determination never to quit the ship alive if to be sent to St. Helena; and Madame BERTRAND informed me on reading the above, he had again positively asserted they should first take his life.
"On Sunday evening he had the marks of much agitation in his countenance. On the Monday, when he officially learnt his destination, he remained on deck but a short time, and appeared as pale as death. Yesterday he was something better. I fear, on the arrival of the Northumberland, we shall witness some tragical scene. You know we are not the ship destined to convey him to St. Helena.
"A circumstance occurred last Sunday night which seemed to be very near being a beginning to the scene I mentioned above. About nine o'clock Marshal and Madame BERTRAND were walking on the opposite side of the deck to where I was, in earnest conversation- suddenly Madame rushed into the Emperor's cabin, threw herself at his feet for about half a minute, then flying below to her own cabin, threw herself nearly out of the stern-window, when she was fortunately caught by the leg by General MOUTHOLON. She continued delirious the whole night. To-day she is better.- [This agitation, we suppose, resulted from the unmanly determination of Ministers to send her husband back to France.]
"On the following morning Lord KEITH and Major-General Sir H. BUNBURY waited upon him, informing him that it was the determination of the Allied Sovereigns to send him to the above place, and granting permission to take with him part of his suite, with the exception of those proscribed, SAVARY, LALLEMAND, and BERTRAND. I understand he sent for Captain MAITLAND, and again assured the Admiral and General, it was his fixed resolution never to quit this ship alive.
"Notwithstanding the news has greatly affected him, he continues to shew himself for about twenty minutes every evening, to the really astonishing number of people, which I think daily increases. It is with great difficulty the men of war's boats prevent the crowd approaching too near the ship. He now continues but a short time on the gangway, and is then visible only to the inside boats. There is no truth in the account of his having taken possession in an authoritative manner of Captain MAITLAND's cabin."
"We are so full in the ship, and have all of us given up our cabins and ward-rooms to BONAPARTE's suite, that we have been forced to sleep upon deck.
"We are all anxious to know whether it is intended to give up all the persons proscribed. L'ALLEMAND has written a letter to the PRINCE REGENT, stating the manner in which he treated some English prisoners, whom he afterwards liberated, and to whom he wishes a reference to be made.
"BONAPARTE has also written another letter, from which he seems to have hopes of being permitted to remain in this country."
We received last night French Papers to Wednesday last. The cannon which had been removed by the Allies from the bridges of Notre Dame, the Pont Neuf, and the Pont du Jardin du Roi, where they were placed soon after the capture of Paris, in consequence of the assemblages, on the Place du Chatelet and other parts, of persons who insulted the Prussian troops were replaced on Tuesday last, on account of the renewal of the same scenes. "It is of immediate urgency," says the Journal de Paris, "to take up and punish the agitators and disturbers of the public repose, who render such measures necessary." The Prussian troops intend also to send beyond the Rhine all French soldiers, whatever be their rank, who shall be found at Paris without special authority. The sudden and unexpected arrival of soldiers belonging to the army of the Loire, who might create some uneasiness, is said to have been the cause of this measure. These precautions shew that the perturbed state of things in France is now beginning to be felt, even in the presence of the Allied Armies.
A paragraph in
The Journal de Parismentions a movement of the main body of the French army from the Loire towards the mountains of Auvergne, whither its baggage and cannon had already proceeded. This movement appears obviously to have in view the occupation of a stronger position, and a more formidable attitude of defence.
A conspiracy is said to have been discovered at Poictiers, in the department of Vienne. At Mans, in the department of the Sarthe, there were some disturbances on the 30th ult.
So completely is the press at Paris bound in the fetters of the paternal government of the BOURBONS- that we cease to expect to find in the papers any intelligence of the actual state of the nation. From private sources we however learn, that all is confusion throughout the country. The troops on the Loire and other French corps have all mounted the white cockade, and all profess obedience to the King; but this obedience is evidently only nominal. Such as it is, the King and his Ministers seem satisfied with it. It appears to us, that LOUIS and his army are mutually playing off each other's names for their own advantage, and here we cannot blame them. The army, by surrendering to the KING, covers itself with the sanction of his name, and the KING hopes, by retaining the army to get better terms from the Allies. In the mean time no disposition appears on the part of the latter to abandon France.- On the contrary, the English finding forage scarce near Paris, are about to take up their quarters in Normandy. The Duke of WELLINGTON has offered their assistance towards getting in the harvest, a proof that there is no immediate intention on his part of leaving the kingdom. How long such a state of things can exist, as a Monarch surrounded by Allies, by whom alone he knows he reigns, and yet of whose designs on the integrity of his country he is jealous, and stimulated by that feeling, hesitates at once to issue orders to disband an army, of whose fidelity towards himself he entertains equal suspicion- how long, we say, such a state of things is likely to continue, may be easily guessed.
One of the Ministerial Papers, The Morning Herald of Thursday last, stopped the press at two o'clock in the morning to inform its readers that a dark coloured carriage, with four horses, and attended by an escort of Dragoons, had just passed through the Strand, in the direction of the Tower. The inference to be drawn from this wonderful intelligence was obvious- Bonaparte was in the carriage, or the Princess of Wales, or Lord Grey, or Sir Francis Burdett, or somebody; for it was not likely that such a carriage, so drawn and so escorted, should be without an inmate. In the latter point we agree with this accurate print, but the fact is there was no such carriage passed through the Strand at that time, and therefore all comment on such a circumstance falls to the ground. On Thursday an additional guard of 100 men were marched into the Tower. This was at the moment deemed a confirmation of the silly report in The Herald, but on inquiry we learnt that from the representation of the Civil Magistrates, more soldiers are considered necessary in that part of the town; the numerous bodies of sailors now out of employ very naturally give rise to some apprehensions.
On Monday evening a boat, with two men, one woman, and three children, who were returning from visiting the Bellerophon at Plymouth, was cut into two pieces by a man of war's launch. The whole, however, were saved, with the exception of a stone-mason of his Majesty's Dock-yard, an industrious worthy man; the husband of the woman and father of the children. Two others who were picked up are not expected to live.