ARRIVAL OF BONAPARTE AT PLYMOUTH.
"TORBAY, JULY 26.- The Bellerophon, Captain Maitland, sailed this morning about five o'clock for Plymouth, with Bonaparte and suite. On board the Slaney sloop is Marshal Baron Gourgon. Never was such a sight exhibited in Torbay before. There are ladies and gentlemen from 60 to 70 miles distance and upwards come this morning; never was such a concourse of people seen."
"PLYMOUTH, JULY 26.- The Bellerophon, of 74 guns, anchored in the Sound, about half-past four o'clock this afternoon, from Torbay, having Bonaparte on board. It is reported he will not be landed in this country but sent from hence to St. Helena."
ANOTHER LETTER, SAME DATE.
"Bonaparte is in the Sound. I have just received a letter, of which the following is an extract, from an Officer on board the Superb, Basque Roads, July 18, 1816:-
"The disturber of the world is our's; I have been some hours in his company, and have had conversation with him. Knowing his character as an individual, his fame as a General, and his conduct as an Emperor, the mind is lost in astonishment in seeing these in the person of a stout, inanimate, and plain-looking man, without a feature or expression of countenance indicative of any thing that can make an impression on the mind. His delivery is quick, and his ideas flow most rapidly; he converses on all subjects.
"On seeing the portrait of Lord Hood in the Superb's cabin, he remarked that he was the person who threw all the shells at Lord Hood's fleet at Toulon. He inquired why we objected to his residing in America?
"He declares, from the first, he intended to throw himself on the British Government if he was not allowed to go to America; he had determined never to give himself up, or receive protection from the Emperors of Russia, Austria, or King of Prussia; for although they were only single members of the nation, they ruled entirely their respective kingdoms; by giving himself up to the British nation, he threw himself on the generosity of every individual, and acknowledges that in England only he is safe. He says, never was a battle so severely contested as that of Waterloo. His troops knew and felt that they never had more to gain or more to lose than at that time, and never had they fought harder, and they were only overcome by the superiority of British discipline and British intrepidity. He was astonished at the firmness with which his charges were received and repulsed by our troops: he spoke highly of our cavalry, and acknowledged that if the Earl of Uxbridge had not been wounded, he would have been the Earl's prisoner in two minutes; and he feels no hesitation in saying, that the Duke of Wellington was a better General than himself. I mention this circumstance, because in his voyage to Elba, when it was remarked that the Duke was the best General of the age, he answered, 'We have never yet met.' The Countesses Bertrand and Las Cases, and their husbands, are with him; the former is the daughter of the late Lord Dillon: she is an uncommonly fine and interesting woman."
"DARTMOUTH, JULY 26.- I was alongside His Majesty's ship Bellerophon last evening, and I saw Bonaparte very distinctly.
"Bonaparte walks the deck till six o'clock, at which time he retires to dine. He shows himself frequently to the spectators round the ship, and on retiring he pulls off his hat. He appears often looking at the people with his eye glass, and his picture which appeared in London about two months since, is an exact likeness of him. He wore a dark green coat, with red collar, buttoned close; cocked hat, two epaulets, light nankeen coloured breeches, and silk stockings the same colour. Every person present on the quarter-deck, both French and English, remain with their heads uncovered when he is on deck. The Bellerophon set sail for Plymouth by four o'clock this morning, and long ere this is there. He reads the English newspapers, but appears afterwards very serious, no doubt not liking their contents. He, I am told, dreads the idea of going to St. Helena, and is very much afraid of being sent to that island."
In the days of our Charles the First, the English Parliament, for a considerable time, fought the King in his own name. If the war should continue in the interior of France, it is probable that Davoust and his companions will clothe themselves with the same attribute.
A private letter from Mons, dated the 14th inst. contains the following particulars:- "It is only within these four days that the business of interring the bodies which strewed the field of battle of Mont St. Jean was finished. Several thousands of carriages had been put in requisition in the department of Jemappes for this operation. At the end of ten, twelve, and fifteen days, there were found among the dead a great number of wounded, who, from hunger or madness, had torn with their teeth the carcasses of men and horses. When I say from madness, I use that term because there were actually men wounded and dying, who when they were picked up cried, Vive l'Empereur! Long live the man who brought us hither to be slaughtered, who left behind him in his flight, without caring whether we were dead or dying! Long live the man without pity, without feeling, who left us to expire slowly on the field of battle, without recommending us to the attention or humanity of any one, while the wounded of the other armies were collected with such care and anxiety."
We extract the following from the (Bourbon) Journal de Paris: it will serve to shew the real state of affairs in France.- "I shall not speak of the public spirit of the capital. I should be ill prepared for the task, having ceased to make it my residence the day on which the tyrant entered it, being resolved never to appear in it again, so long as it should be under his power. I speak of the state of the public mind in those parts of the country which I have seen, in the provinces I have traversed, and I declare it with as much truth as regret, that never since the cruel epoch of 1793, did the provinces of France present a more revolutionary aspect: never did the multitude, the eternal sport of factions, the sanguinary instrument of all the chiefs of revolt and anarchy, display a more eager disposition to insurrection and violence. Never was the poison of calumny infused with greater care, or the fire of discord fed with more zeal and perseverance."
The system of making the people of France feel, by contributions and other military requisitions, something of the evils of war, appears highly grateful to the feelings of the Editors of our Treasury Newspapers. But we cannot imagine how they reconcile this approval to their ideas of justice. According to them, the people of France were to a man for King Louis- the military alone were against him. If, then, the latter alone were guilty, why must the former suffer, or be included in the common denomination of traitors to their Sovereign? If the people were innocent before the conquest of Paris (as surely they were said to be,) what action of theirs has since manifested their guilt? and if the military alone were criminal, why must the others be confounded in the punishment? If the nation favoured Bonaparte, the public in this country were deceived. If it did not favour him, why should it be punished?
As to the real state of affairs in France, we can only form crude and imperfect notions, from the scanty materials the Paris Journals afford us. They are, we can only perceive, commencing the same system of deception which proved so injurious to the Bourbon cause a few months ago, and therefore are very rarely to be believed. Indeed, when it is generally known, that to every newspaper in Paris is attached a censor, appointed by Government, we may readily appreciate the regard they pay to truth, when its publication militates against the interest of their patrons.
THE NEWS JULY 30
The Moniteur of the 21st inst. contains a long memorial presented to Congress by Sir Sidney Smith, on the subject of destroying the Barbary Piratical States. He offers to conduct an enterprise, by which he means to effect the end in view. The substance of his plan is, that the States who are most interested in putting down the pirates, should contribute their contingent to raise what the Admiral calls an amphibious force, by which is to be understood, one fit for naval or military service. With this he undertakes that commerce shall be secured, and the Africans civilized.
An English Chapel has, it is said, been opened in Paris, supported by voluntary contributions. Divine service is performed, and the rites of our Protestant Church are administered in it by two English Divines.
Orders were received at Portsmouth on Wednesday morning not to press any more seamen for his Majesty's navy, nor to enter any as volunteers for the same service.
Extract of a Letter from Genoa; dated July 5:- "A boat belonging to his Majesty's ship Pompee, which is cruising off Toulon, arrived here with dispatches on the 2d instant. She brought accounts that the two parties were fighting against each other throughout Provence, which was in a state of insurrection. We have since learnt by an express, that 6,000 troops sent from Toulon had entered Marseilles, and made great slaughter among the Royalists, sparing neither women or children, but the Bonapartists were defeated, and the place was quiet by the last accounts. Admiral Lord Exmouth sailed yesterday, with eight ships of war and fifteen transports, some of which took in here the 14th regiment, the Italian levy, and the Piedmontese troops, flying artillery, &c. &c.- This expedition is under the command of Major-General Lowe, and is said to be destined for Marseilles."A Mail from Flanders brought the following article. The Louvre, we trust, will be emptied of all the pictures and statues that have been plundered from other countries. There is a story told of Blucher.- It is, that he visits the Louvre with a catalogue in his hand, in which the galleries from whence the pictures are taken are stated.- "From the Dresden Gallery!" "O, yes- I recollect it- take it down!" and the veteran has the picture or pictures taken down at once.
The Forth, 40 guns, Captain Sir W. Bolton, sailed on Monday from Portsmouth for Dieppe, with her Royal Highness the Duchess of Angouleme on board.