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THE NEWS.

SUNDAY, JULY 30 1815 PRICE 8d


This Paper is published at an early hour every SUNDAY Morning, at "THE NEWS" Office, No. 28, Brydges-street, and distributed throughout the Metropolis, and within the Two-penny Post District, by Nine o'Clock.
FNo advertisements of any description are ever inserted in this Paper.


LETTER OF THE PRINCE OF ECKMUHL

TO THE

COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF of the ARMY of the LOIRE


"The Commissioners, in their communications, give the assurance that under a Constitutional Government, no reaction is to be feared; that the passions will be neutralized; that the Ministry will be one and responsible; that men and PRINCIPLES will be respected; that arbitrary dismissals shall not take place, either in the army or in other orders of society; and finally, that the army should be treated conformably to its honour - these are the terms transmitted by the Commissioners."

Letter of the Prince of ECKMUHL, &c.


We would call the attention of our readers, in the most marked manner, to the Letter of DAVOUST, which we inserted in our last number, and of which the above is an extract. It is definitive of the feeling and opinion of the whole military population of France, comprising all the activity, vigour, and enterprize of the empire. We need not enquire farther as to the nature of the peace which will be consequent on this state and condition of things. France is beaten down in arms by one of the most powerful confederacies which has ever been formed in Europe; and as long as that confederacy continues knit together by a common feeling of interest, the French Empire must remain prostrate in all its feelings, political and military. We have previously remarked, that this has been a war of principles; and that it is, in all the elements of its existence, independent of persons. NAPOLEON BONAPARTE, in adopting the BEE, as his emblem, did not refer, by a moral feeling, to industry; but by a political one to that extraordinary instinct which developes an order and a power, in the communities of that insect, superior to the results of reason among mankind. What constitutes the power of association in the Bee? The controol of an individual, on whose movements the fate and fortune of the whole hive attend. A point to swarm upon. Look at the descent of NAPOLEON from the coast of Elba. The order, alertness, unresisting and undividing union with which France formed upon his movement, gave a beautiful illustration to the emblem of their extraordinary leader. He is a kind of King Bee, of principles and feelings in France, which are indestructive: the submission of the army discloses to us this fact. It is national feeling which has extorted these sacrifices:- "these interests require sacrifices," says the letter in question. Can language be plainer? What then is LOUIS but the most palpable locum tenens of an authority which sleeps and submits. Declaration and experience equally demonstrate the fact. What can the Allies do in this situation of things? They cannot shut their eyes to a truth so self-evident; and here the dandling protection which they have afforded to him, proves a mill-stone on their shoulders.* They have made him the ally of those purposes against which they confederate; and the guarantee of the entireness and integrity of the French Empire. Without LOUIS, as the manikin of a French Sovereignty, they might partition, cut down, and dismantle; but to do it with the BOURBONS in their train, were to consign them to hatred, which would be eternal; and resentments ultimately fatal to their personal safety, perhaps as well as their authority. Let the Allies preserve the power of France, and they have fought the battles of France. Austria has an interest in sustaining France, and yet she allies herself with a host, which have an interest in breaking France down. Austria is giving the world a proof of the greatest folly of Kings. Was a nation ever beaten out of its opinions? The doctrine is absurd, and subversive of its own design. France never loved BONAPARTE more than in his adversity. His army never fought so desperately valorous as in the fatal battle of Waterloo. The Vendeans themselves offer now to unite " against dismemberment." All is done for the "salvation of France;" nothing for the love of Louis. The "dissolution of the army" is avoided only by submission. Thus is LOUIS seated on the Throne of BONAPARTE with an administration and an army, interested to a man in pushing him from his seat the first moment it can be done with impunity. How the Congress will settle the points which it has now to enact upon, is the next matter of political interest. Its former labours are a bad foretaste to calculate upon.

We are apprehensive that the Allied Sovereigns view, in the reaction of the times, nothing but an effort to throw off all respect for hereditary claims to power. They should reflect at the same time that this effort grows out of the abuse of hereditary power; and that the struggle of our days is one of those wholesome ebullitions of popular feeling which corrects the bad tendencies of old systems of Government. The Autocrat of Russia would denounce it treason in his Empire for any man to assert that he, (ALEXANDER), derives his right of rule from aught of human authority.- This is one of those regal weaknesses against which the world will rebel in proportion as it advances in knowledge. The putting down of all right of the people in France to chuse a Sovereign, is a fine authority of the principle which regulates the machinery of Government on Continental Europe. As the person is now secure, upon whom the elements of adventrous reform so powerfully rallied, much of the stamina of the Confederacy is done away with. It cannot now long be disguised that Russia is becoming a most dangerous power in Europe; that Prussia is bearding the House of Austria, and that Belgium is cut out of the power of France. A new series of Continental wars will arise out of these positions. A union of France and Austria will be one of the first effects of this new cast of political balances. A peace of twenty years would not materially soften down the resentments of France against Prussia: the contribution of 100,0000 francs attempted to be levied on Paris - the threatened explosion of her works of art - the sequestrations of property of Officers - these will be actively handed down as a military legacy of the days of French humiliation; and woe to Berlin when the French ensign shall again be seen in its vicinity.

Notwithstanding the apparent decisiveness of recent occurrences, it requires but little political acumen to discern that the theatre of war remains prolific of interest. Paris, with 200,000 enemies in the midst of her, remains but doubtfully at peace; and the submission of DAVOUST, his hoisting the white flag, &c. are evidently mere temporizing measures, to avert, if possible, the blow which the Allies are preparing to direct against him. In his last address to his Army, he says, "Soldiers, defend our unhappy country in the name of LOUIS XVIII.; this Monarch and all our countrymen will thank us for it; we shall make common cause with those brave Vendeans who have just given us a touching example, declaring that they would unite with us to combat the enemies of France, and you will have, besides, preserved to your country a numerous and brave army."

Thus it appears that if the Allies are resolved on partitioning France - the war will continue, with this difference, that the name of LOUIS XVIII. will be substituted for that of NAPOLEON, and the white flag will float in the place of the tri-coloured.


*What a censure do Ministers convey to the Duke of WELLINGTON for the (reported more than authorised) share he has had in urging the recent return of the old King to Paris, when they allow their principal organ (The Courier) to publish such paragraphs as the following.-

"The Allies see that the removal of BONAPARTE has changed nothing in the disposition and pretensions of his troops; they see that the King, however well-meaning, is still at Ghent, where, indeed, it would have been much better both for himself and for Europe that he should have remained till the Allies had completed the arrangements they may deem necessary respecting France." - Courier of Wednesday last.




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