Elements which appear in all placenames include: combe (various spellings) = wooded valley (from the Old English); down = dun (OE) = hill; ham = ham(m) (OE) = meadow, enclosure, close; stoke = stoc (OE) = place (possibly connected with a monastery); ton = tun (OE) = fence = enclosure, village, town. (Origin is early, possibly Saxon). The dates refer to dated documents.

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